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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, derivational infixes are surveyed across the world’s languages in terms of their form, function, and meaning. Infixes are bound morphemes whose phonological form consists minimally of a single segment, preceded and followed in at least some word-types by non-null segmental strings which, together, constitute a relevant form–meaning correspondence of their own. Derivational infixes have the function of other derivational affixes, able to determine part-of-speech, and not relevant to the syntax. Claimed synchronic universals of infixes are counter-exemplified, while comparative data attests to the borrowability of infixes and their great stability across millennia

Keywords: morphology, infixation, derivation, tmesis, phonotactics, language contact, diachrony, typology, universals

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