(p. xi) List of Contributors
(p. xi) List of Contributors
Marc Alexander is Senior Lecturer in Semantics and Lexicology at the University of Glasgow, and his work primarily focuses on digital humanities and the study of meaning in English, with a focus on lexicology, semantics, and stylistics through cognitive and corpus linguistics. He is Director of the Historical Thesaurus of English, and works mainly on applications of the Thesaurus in digital humanities, most recently through the AHRC/ESRC-funded SAMUELS and Mapping Metaphor projects. He has published, on his JISC-funded Hansard Corpus 1803–2003, a 2+ billion word corpus of political discourse over the past two centuries, and is working on enhancements to the Early English Books Online corpus. He is also Director of the STELLA Digital Humanities lab at Glasgow.
John M. Anderson is Emeritus Professor of English Language at the University of Edinburgh, where his entire university career was spent, apart from visiting posts at other European universities. He is interested in linguistic theory, particularly in relation to English and its history. He is mainly associated with the development of dependency-based approaches to linguistic structure and of localist case grammar and notional grammar.
Benjamin Blount is a retired anthropologist who received his Ph.D. in 1969 (University of California, Berkeley) and who taught at the University of Texas Austin, the University of Georgia, and the University of Texas San Antonio. He specializes in information systems, including human cognitive models. He was the inaugural editor of the Journal of Linguistic Anthropology and a former Editor-in-Chief of the American Anthropologist. His recent publications are on the history of cognition in anthropology, cultural models of knowledge in natural resource communities, and cognition in ethnographic research.
Frank Boers’ initial research areas were lexicology and semantics (e.g., studies of polysemy and metaphor from a Cognitive Linguistics perspective). His more recent research interests were sparked by his experience as a language teacher and teacher trainer. He now publishes mostly on matters of instructed second or foreign language acquisition, with a particular focus on vocabulary and phraseology. He is co-editor of the journal Language Teaching Research.
Geert E. Booij obtained his Ph.D. degree in 1977 at the University of Amsterdam. From 1981 to 2005, he taught linguistics at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. From 2005 to 2012, he was professor of linguistics at the University of Leiden. He is founder and editor (p. xii) of the book series Yearbook of Morphology and its successor, the journal Morphology. He is the author of The Phonology of Dutch (1995), The Morphology of Dutch (2002), The Grammar of Words (2005), and Construction Morphology (2010), all published by Oxford University Press, and of linguistic articles in major Dutch and international journals.
Kate Burridge is Professor of Linguistics in the School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, Monash University. Her research focuses on grammatical change in Germanic languages, the Pennsylvania German spoken by Amish/Mennonite communities in North America, the notion of linguistic taboo, and the structure and history of English. Recent books include Forbidden Words: Taboo and the Censoring of Language (with Keith Allan, 2006), Introducing English Grammar (with Kersti Börjars, 2010), and Gift of the Gob: Morsels of English Language History (2010).
G. Tucker Childs is Professor in Applied Linguistics at Portland State University in Oregon. Over the past fifteen years he has focused on documenting endangered languages spoken on the coasts of Guinea and Sierra Leone. Childs has worked on many non-core linguistic topics such as sound symbolism, which is particularly robust in the African word class known as ideophones, as well as on pidgins and urban slangs, and language variation in general. He is editor of Studies in African Linguistics and begins work on the Sherbro language of Sierra Leone in 2015.
Eve V. Clark is the Richard Lyman Professor in Humanities and Professor of Linguistics at Stanford University. She has done extensive cross-linguistic research, both experimental and observational, on children’s acquisition of a first language, with particular emphasis on semantic and pragmatic development. She has also worked on the acquisition of word formation, again cross-linguistically, and on the kind of information adults provide in conversation that licenses child inferences about new word meanings. Her books include Psychology and Language (1977, with H. H. Clark), The Ontogenesis of Meaning (1979), The Lexicon in Acquisition (1993), and First Language Acquisition (2nd edn, 2009).
David Crystal is Honorary Professor of Linguistics at the University of Bangor, and works from his home in Holyhead, North Wales, as a writer, editor, lecturer, and broadcaster on linguistic topics. His main interests relate to the history and development of English, as illustrated by such works as The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (2nd edn 2003), The Stories of English (2004), Spell It Out: The Singular Story of English Spelling (2012), and (with Hilary Crystal) Wordsmiths and Warriors: The English-Language Tourist’s Guide to Britain (2013).
Simon De Deyne obtained a master’s degree in theoretical and experimental psychology at the University of Ghent in 2000 and received his Ph.D. in psychology on the topic of semantic vector spaces from the University of Leuven in 2008. From 2014 he has been a research associate at the University of Adelaide. His research uses a computational approach to uncover structure and dynamics in the representation of word meaning in the mental lexicon. He also coordinates the small world of words project, (p. xiii) a cross-disciplinary effort to map the associative structure of the mental lexicon in various languages.
Philip Durkin is Deputy Chief Editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, and has led the dictionary’s team of specialists in etymology for the past fifteen years. His publications include The Oxford Guide to Etymology (2009) and Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English (2014), and he is currently editing a handbook of lexicography for OUP. His main research interests are in etymology, language contact (especially loanwords), polysemy, homonymy, and the history of the English language.
Christiane Fellbaum is a Senior Research Scientist at Princeton University, where she earned her Ph.D. in linguistics. Her work focuses on lexical semantics, computational linguistics, the syntax–semantics interface and multi-word expressions. She is one of the original developers of the WordNet lexical database and currently directs the WordNet project, for which she was awarded, together with the late George A. Miller, the 2006 Antonio Zampolli Prize. She is a co-founder and co-President of the Global WordNet Association, and supports the developments of cross-lingual lexical databases.
Dirk Geeraerts is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leuven and founder of the research group Quantitative Lexicology and Variational Linguistics. He is the author of The Structure of Lexical Variation (1994), Diachronic Prototype Semantics (1997), Words and Other Wonders (2006), and Theories of Lexical Semantics (2010), and the editor, along with Hubert Cuyckens, of The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (2007).
Nikolas Gisborne is Professor of Linguistics in the School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences at the University of Edinburgh. He is interested in syntax and semantics, with a research focus on the interaction of subsystems in the grammar. He is the author of The Event Structure of Perception Verbs, published by Oxford University Press in 2010.
Cliff Goddard is Professor of Linguistics at Griffith University, Australia. He is a leading proponent of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage approach to semantics and its sister theory, the cultural scripts approach to ethnopragmatics. His major publications include the edited volumes Ethnopragmatics (2006, Mouton de Gruyter), Cross-Linguistic Semantics (2008, John Benjamins), and Semantics and/in Social Cognition (2013, special issue of Australian Journal of Linguistics), the textbook Semantic Analysis (2nd edn, 2011, Oxford University Press), and Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages and Cultures (co-authored with Anna Wierzbicka; Oxford University Press, 2014). He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities.
Katharine Graf Estes is a member of the Psychology Department at the University of California, Davis. She received her Ph.D. in developmental psychology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2007. Her research investigates the processes underlying early language acquisition. She has received funding from the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation.
(p. xiv) Anthony P. Grant is Professor of Historical Linguistics and Language Contact at Edge Hill University, Ormskirk. Having studied at York under Robert Le Page, he continued work on creolistics; his Ph.D. (Bradford, 1995) explored issues in agglutinated nominals in Creole French, and he has published over fifty articles and chapters on Native North American languages, Romani, Austronesian historical linguistics, pidgins, creoles, mixed languages, English dialectology and etymology, and lexicostatistical methods.
Peter Grzybek works at the Slavic Department of Graz University in Austria. After his MA thesis on ‘Neurosemiotics of Verbal Communication’ (1984) and his Ph.D. dissertation on ‘The Notion of Sign in Soviet Semiotics’, he qualified as a professor in 1994 with his ‘Slavistic Studies on the Semiotics of Folklore’. His major research fields are linguistics and semiotics, literary and cultural theory, phraseology and paremiology. In his study of text and language, his particular focus is on exact and quantitative methods, attempting to apply statistical methods to the modelling of text structures and processes.
Reese M. Heitner teaches applied linguistics at Drexel University in Philadelphia. His interest in the developmental bootstrapping relationship between basic-level object categorization and phonemic word categorization and the experiment outlined in his chapter were inspired by Roger Brown’s ‘Original Word Game’ approach to word learning.
Kristine A. Hildebrandt received her Ph.D. in Linguistics at the University of California Santa Barbara in 2003. She is currently an Associate Professor in the department of English Language and Literature at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. Her research interests include phonetics–phonology interfaces, prosodic domains, the phonetic dimensions of tone, and language documentation and description.
Andrew Hippisley is Professor of Linguistics and Director of the Linguistics Program at the University of Kentucky, where he also serves as Chair of University Senate Council. He is author of Network Morphology: A Defaults-Based Approach to Word Structure (Cambridge University Press, 2012; with Dunstan Brown) and has published numerous articles on morphology in such outlets as Yearbook of Morphology, Linguistics, Studies in Language, Natural Language Engineering as well as chapters in books such as Variation and Change in Morphology (Benjamins, 2010), and Handbook of Natural Language Processing (Taylor & Francis, 2010). He is co-editor of Deponency and Morphological Mismatches (Oxford University Press, 2007), Cambridge Handbook of Morphology (forthcoming), and Defaults in Morphological Theory (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).
Michael Hoey is a Pro-Vice Chancellor and Emeritus Professor of English Language at the University of Liverpool, with interests in discourse analysis, lexicography, and corpus linguistics. His book Patterns of Lexis in Text won the English Speaking Union Duke of Edinburgh Award for best book in applied linguistics 1991, and his book Lexical Priming was short-listed for the BAAL Award for best book in applied linguistics 2005. He was chief consultant to Macmillan for their award-winning Macmillan English Dictionary, aimed at advanced learners of English. He is an academician of the Academy of Social Sciences.
(p. xv) Carole Hough is Professor of Onomastics at the University of Glasgow, where she has worked since 1995. She is President of the International Council of Onomastic Sciences, President of the International Society of Anglo-Saxonists, and Vice-President of the Society for Name Studies in Britain and Ireland. Her research interests focus particularly on the interaction between names and other areas of language, and she has published extensively on Anglo-Saxon studies, historical and cognitive linguistics, and onomastics.
Christian Kay is an Honorary Professorial Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow. She was an editor of the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 2009) and founded the Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech (SCOTS). She has written on historical semantics and lexicography and is currently working on two projects: ‘Mapping Metaphor with the Historical Thesaurus of English’ and ‘SAMUELS (Semantic Annotation and Mark-Up for Enhancing Lexical Searches)’.
Robert Kennedy is a Continuing Lecturer at University of California, Santa Barbara. His research interests include phonology, phonetics, reduplication, accents of English, naming practices, and the linguistics of sports.
Adam Kilgarriff is Director of Lexical Computing Ltd. He has led the development of the Sketch Engine, a leading tool for corpus research used for dictionary-making at Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, and by many universities and publishers worldwide. Following a Ph.D. on polysemy from Sussex University, he worked at Longman Dictionaries, Oxford University Press, and the University of Brighton prior to starting the company in 2003.
Marie-Claude L’Homme is Professor in the Department of Linguistics and Translation of the University of Montreal, where she teaches terminology. She is also the director of the Observatoire de linguistique sens-texte (OLST), a research group investigating various theoretical, methodological, and applied aspects related to the lexicon (general and specialized). Her main research interests are lexical semantics and corpus linguistics applied to terminology. She develops, along with researchers in linguistics, terminology, and computer science, lexical resources in the fields of computing and the environment.
Barbara C. Malt is a Professor of Psychology at Lehigh University. Her research focuses on thought, language, and the relation between the two. She is especially interested in how objects and actions are mentally represented, how monolingual and bilingual children and adults talk about these objects and actions using the tools available in their language(s), and what influence, if any, the different ways of talking have on non-linguistic representations. She is an associate editor for Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.
Asifa Majid is Professor of Language, Communication, and Cultural Cognition at the Centre for Language Studies at Radboud University Nijmegen. Her work is interdisciplinary, combining standardized psychological methodology, in-depth linguistic studies, and ethnographically-informed description. This coordinated approach has been used (p. xvi) to study domains such as space, event representation, and more recently the language of perception.
Rosamund Moon is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of English at the University of Birmingham. She was previously a lexicographer, working on the Cobuild Dictionary Project at Birmingham (1981–90, 1993–9), and also at Oxford University Press (1979–81, 1990–93). Her main research areas are lexis and phraseology, lexicography, figurative language, and corpus linguistics; her publications include Fixed Expressions and Idioms in English: A Corpus-Based Approach (1998, Oxford University Press), and (with Murray Knowles) Introducing Metaphor (2006, Routledge).
Paul Nation is Emeritus Professor of Applied Linguistics in the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. His books on vocabulary include Teaching and Learning Vocabulary (1990) and Researching and Analysing Vocabulary (2011) (with Stuart Webb) both from Heinle Cengage Learning. His latest book on vocabulary is Learning Vocabulary in Another Language (2nd edn, Cambridge University Press, 2013). Two books strongly directed towards teachers appeared in 2013 from Compass Media in Seoul: What Should Every ESL Teacher Know? and What Should Every EFL Teacher Know? He is also co-author, with Casey Malarcher, of Reading for Speed and Fluency (Seoul: Compass Publishing, 2007).
Victor Raskin the founder of the dominant linguistic theory of humour, is a theoretical and computational semanticist who earned his degrees in mathematical, structural, and computational linguistics from Moscow State University, USSR (Ph.D., 1970). Besides his alma mater, he taught at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (full time) and Tel Aviv University (part time) in 1973–8. At Purdue University since 1978, he is now Distinguished Professor of English and Linguistics, with courtesy affiliations in Computer Science and Computer and Information Technology. He is the Founding Editor-in-Chief (1987–99) of Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, now into its 27th volume, the author of a grossly overrated and over-cited Semantic Mechanisms of Humor (1985, Reidel), a charter Board member of the International Society of Humor Studies, and its first elected academic President in 2000.
Nick Riemer works on lexical semantics and the history and philosophy of linguistics at the University of Sydney, Australia, and at the Laboratoire d’histoire des théories linguistiques, Université Paris-Diderot, France.
Niels O. Schiller is a professor of psycho- and neurolinguistics. He is interested in the cognitive system underlying language processing and its neural substrate. In particular, he investigates syntactic, morphological, and phonological processes in language production and reading aloud. Furthermore, he is interested in articulatory-motor processes during speech production, language processing in neurologically impaired patients (aphasia), and forensic phonetics. Schiller makes use of behavioural as well as neurophysiological (EEG/ERP) and neuroimaging (fMRI) methods. He has published widely in international peer-reviewed journals in his field.
(p. xvii) Mark C. Smith is currently a lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the Open University. He obtained his Ph.D. in experimental psychology at the University of Birmingham. He has published on a wide variety of topics including linguistics, psychology, and art history. At present, his main topic of research is the problem of propositional unity.
Joseph Sorell holds a Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, and an MA in TESOL from Michigan State University. His research interests are in vocabulary learning, corpus linguistics, and cross-cultural communication. He has taught EFL, literature, linguistics, and computer literacy in Taiwan, Saudi Arabia, and Abu Dhabi and has worked or studied in Germany, Israel, the UK, and the USA.
Gert Storms obtained a master’s degree in social and clinical psychology in 1983 and received his Ph.D. in mathematical psychology from the University of Leuven in 1990. He is currently a full professor at the laboratory for experimental psychology at the University of Leuven. Using both modelling and correlational and experimental procedures, he has been doing research in the areas of category learning, concept representation, psychosemantics, and psychological scaling.
Dennis Tay is Assistant Professor at the Department of English, Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He has been working on the application of cognitive linguistic theory to the analysis of discourse, particularly in mental health contexts. He has authored a monograph, Metaphor in Psychotherapy: A Descriptive and Prescriptive Analysis (John Benjamins, 2013), published articles in discourse analysis and counselling journals, and co-edited a volume (with Masataka Yamaguchi and Benjamin Blount), Approaches to Language, Discourse, and Cognition (Palgrave, 2014).
John R. Taylor obtained his Ph.D. in 1979. He is the author of Possessives in English (1996), Cognitive Grammar (2002), Linguistic Categorization (3rd edn, 2003), and The Mental Corpus (2012), all published by Oxford University Press, and co-editor of the Bloomsbury Companion to Cognitive Linguistics (2014). He is a managing editor for the series Cognitive Linguistics Research (Mouton de Gruyter) and an Associate Editor of the journal Cognitive Linguistics.
Rinus G. Verdonschot is currently a JSPS post-doctoral fellow at Nagoya University, Japan. His research uses behavioural and neuro-correlational methods, and focuses on language production, language comprehension, bilingualism, and music cognition.
Henk J. Verkuyl is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Utrecht University. His main research interest has been the semantics of tense and aspect resulting in work including On the Compositional Nature of the Aspects (1972), A Theory of Aspectuality (1993), and Binary Tense (2008). He also hides behind the pseudonym ‘Dr. Verschuyl’ (quite literally, ‘Dr. Hyde’, because the Dutch verb verschuilen = hide in English) with his Cryptogrammatica (Cryptogrammar), a book about the linguistic principles behind the (p. xviii) Dutch crossword puzzle (7th edn, 2005). In 2014 his most recent work under this pseudonym, a crossword dictionary, appeared as Groot Puzzelwoordenboek (1,399 pages).
Cynthia Whissell teaches psychology at Laurentian University (Ontario, Canada) with a focus on psycholinguistics, emotion, statistics, and research methodology. She teaches methodology in an interdisciplinary doctoral programme involving both the Humanities and the Social Sciences. Most of her research addresses the quantification of emotion expressed in the words and sounds of the English language. This gives her the excuse to study entertaining works of literature as well as trends in onomastics.
John N. Williams is Reader in Applied Psycholinguistics at the University of Cambridge. He is co-editor of Statistical Learning and Language Acquisition (Mouton de Gruyter, 2012) and area editor for the cognitive section of the Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics (Blackwell, 2012). His research on cognitive aspects of second language learning and processing has appeared in Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Language Learning, Second Language Research, Applied Psycholinguistics, Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, and Lingua.
Margaret E. Winters is Professor of French and Linguistics in the Department of Classical and Modern Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at Wayne State University, where she is currently Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs. Her research interests are in historical semantics and the history of the Romance languages, both within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics. She has published in these fields in a variety of scholarly journals in North America and Europe and in volumes of collected papers. She has also published two editions of Old French courtly romances and has co-edited two volumes, one of papers in applied linguistics with Geoffrey Nathan, also at Wayne State University, and the other a co-edited book of papers on semantic change. She is working currently on a textbook of historical linguistics and papers both on semantics and the history of linguistic theory.
Alison Wray is a Research Professor in Language and Communication at Cardiff University. She gained a BA (1st class) from the University of York, UK, in linguistics with German and Hindi, and a D.Phil. in psycholinguistics from the same institution. After a postdoctoral position and a lectureship in York, she became Assistant Director of the Wales Applied Language Research Unit, University of Swansea, before being appointed senior research fellow at Cardiff University in 1999. Since 2004 she has been Director of Research for Cardiff’s School of English, Communication and Philosophy. Her main research area is theoretical explanations for formulaic language (recurrent patterns in language output), extending across adult native speaker language, first and second language acquisition, the evolutionary origins of language, and language disorders, particularly attrition and compensation in the language of people with dementia. She has also contributed to researcher development agendas by means of textbooks, training materials, and research coaching.