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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Layers are sub-components of the lexicon which have become part of a given language through direct or indirect contact with another language or languages. The contact may be on-going synchronic interaction or have occurred during the historical development of the language. Layers may have their own phonological, morphological, semantic, stylistic, and even syntactic and orthographic identity to the point where they may, at times, be identified in some way by naïve native speakers, who recognize that they are different from the core lexicon of their language. This chapter explores the nature of layers, what they are, how they arise, and how they are organized variously in different languages, with examples drawn principally from the history and current state of English, French, Yiddish, and Japanese.

Keywords: layer, contact, core lexicon, lexical sub-component, English, French, Yiddish, Japanese

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