Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Children normally start to talk in their second year. In joint attention with adult speakers, they learn to map word forms and meanings, and add words to gestures like pointing and reaching to communicate their intentions. They assign meanings to new words by contrasting them with words already known, and build up their vocabulary from 100-200 words at age 2 to around 14,000 by age 6. But vocabulary sizes vary considerably with the amount of direct adult-child interaction children get to participate in before age 3. Young children rely on common ground (often provided by the adult) and attend to lexical packaging and word collocations as they start to produce word combinations. Early on, they make many errors in pronunciation, morphology, word choice, and syntax. Adults frequently reformulate these errors in conventional form, offering feedback that children attend to and make use of.

Keywords: interaction, joint attention, speaker intention, reformulation, conventionality, contrast, vocabulary size, common ground, word combination

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.