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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This contribution describes the properties and organization of terminologies, i.e. vocabularies used in communication about specialized knowledge. First, it presents some naming principles defined in scientific disciplines to regulate the creation of terms and their use in international communication. Then, it shows how similar principles are applied in terminology with basically the same objective (overcoming difficulties raised by the existence of different names for the same entity). In all specialized fields, naming principles rely on a consensual classification of concepts. Secondly, this contribution discusses some linguistic properties of terms that impede a straightforward application of rigid naming principles. This part also underlines the fact that concepts and classifications vary due to different perspectives on knowledge. Finally, it discusses how these two approaches (applying naming principles and recognizing the linguistic properties of terms) are dealt with in concrete applications of terminology work.

Keywords: term, science, technology, terminology, classification, taxonomy, concept, relation, variation, polysemy, specialized knowledge, naming principles, international communication

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