Abstract and Keywords
Quantitative empirical studies into accountability are scarce. Much of the available literature provides definitions, typologies, theoretical models, or case studies, but research that compares findings on the basis of a fixed set of indicators is to a great degree still lacking. This chapter provides building blocks for cumulative quantitative research into accountability. It does so by navigating through the variety of indicators used in existing quantitative accountability research, and demonstrates which indicators are relevant for which particular classes of research questions. Although singular, unbiased and unambiguous indicators for accountability regrettably do not exist, existing research does offer helpful clues as to specifying what particular aspects of accountability can be in focus, and how these can be gauged.
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