Abstract and Keywords
Empirical studies of public accountability so far have mainly used qualitative research designs. Qualitative research is suited for certain types of questions, such as those that are in need of understanding or explanation, occur over time, or are difficult or sensitive to define. Researchers have used case-studies, interviews, discourse analysis, grounded theory and, sometimes, mixed research methods. Future accountability studies would benefit from using mixed methods, including quantitative methods. First-rate qualitative empirical research benefits from the use of existing theories. Most studies try to answer “what” questions instead of “why” and “how” questions. Future research would benefit from a push for causal explanations in real-life settings.
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