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date: 30 November 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents eleven models and approaches in music therapy practice. The inclusion criteria is that each forms the basis, or is part, of an existing training, and at least one monograph exists. The distinction between models and approaches is made such that models refer to developments which evolved from music therapy practice, and approaches are music therapy techniques and methods overlaid on an existing model of therapy or theoretical principles. Music therapy training requires learning about theory within the parameters of at least one model or approach, and this engagement must be thorough and intensive. Trainees can struggle with having to do so much thinking and analyzing of their own reactions and integration of key theoretical concepts while concurrently focusing on improving their techniques and methods. Ultimately good enough training allows students to first comprehend and eventually internalize, the theoretical basis of their professional thinking in practice.

Keywords: music therapy models, approaches in music therapy, Nordoff-Robbins music therapy, vocal psychotherapy, community music therapy

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