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date: 30 November 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Nordoff-Robbins music therapy was founded through the pioneering collaboration between Paul Nordoff (1909–1977), an accomplished composer and pianist, and Clive Robbins (1927–2011), an innovative special educator. Their partnership began in 1959 at Sunfield Children’s Homes in Worcestershire, England, and they worked together for approximately 16 years in Europe and the United States. In 1975, formal training began at the newly opened Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy Centre in London. In the same year, Clive Robbins formed a new music therapy team with his wife Carol Robbins (1942–1996). The Robbins’ developed and disseminated the Nordoff-Robbins model, and in 1990 they established the Nordoff-Robbins Center for Music Therapy at New York University’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. Throughout its history, the clinical techniques, training methods, and research within this model have been based in close engagement with clinical work.

Keywords: Nordoff-Robbins music therapy, creative music therapy, therapeutic improvisation, clinical musicianship, self-actualization, developmental threshold

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