Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The starting point of the French Revolution, or ‘pre-revolution’ has often been depicted as entirely national, because historians do not take seriously international connections and interactions. Yet, during the years preceding the fall of the Bastille, numerous cross-national debates and publications were discussing institutional and political relationships. Stimulated by the American Revolution and by the reforms devised by the French king, a huge debate about constitution, representation, human rights and patriotism was taking place in France. Indeed, the kingdom’s financial problems constrained Louis XVI to open a discussion with the French nation. Meanwhile, the American, Swiss and Dutch experiences and the Enlightenment had inspired the French people to new ideas about politics. The aim here is to discover how this change happened and whether it can be considered a precondition for the following revolutionary events.

Keywords: Revolution, representation, constitution, context, ideas, experiences, expectations, Europe, America

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.