Abstract and Keywords
Bende (Sibhende [síβendé]) is a Bantu language (Niger-Congo phylum) spoken mainly in the Katavi region in western Tanzania, known as F12 in Guthrie’s reference classification. It is sometimes called Tongwe-Bende, since both ethnic groups are closely related linguistically, not to mention their cultural common ground. The number of Bende speakers is estimated to be 41,490 by Language of Tanzania Project (Chuo kikuu cha DSM 2009). Bende is a tone language with ten vowels (five each short and long) and nineteen consonants. Eighteen noun classes are listed for nouns, whereas verbs have rich morphological derivations and a complex conjugation system consisting of twenty-five patterns for simple affirmatives and nineteen patterns for simple negatives.
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