Abstract and Keywords
The internal coherence of the Saharan languages (as a branch of Nilo-Saharan) is undoubted. Several common features of lexicon and grammar are attributed to the common genetic property of the family. It is likewise evident that the Saharan languages in their current form also share features with other languages of the contact area. This especially applies to the syntax of complex sentences. It can be assumed that contact features were adopted when the Saharan languages had separated into independent languages and formed individual categories through direct borrowing or calque processes. In addition, the elaboration of the TAM system also appears to be a result of contact. This chapter highlights major common genetic features, such as pronominal forms and verbal structure, but also points to traces of contact-induced change.
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