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date: 30 September 2020

(p. xi) List of Contributors

(p. xi) List of Contributors

Margery Post Abbott is the author and co-editor of numerous books including A Certain Kind of Perfection (Pendle Hill, 1997), Walk Worthy of Your Calling: Quakers and the Travelling Ministry (Friends United Press, 2004), To Be Broken and Tender: A Quaker Theology for Today (Friends Bulletin Corp., 2010), and The Historical Dictionary of the Friends (Quakers) (Scarecrow Press, revised 2011). Abbott regularly leads workshops and teaches on Quakerism at study centres in the United States and Britain. She holds a Bachelors degree from Swarthmore College and a Master of Urban Studies degree from Old Dominion University.

Richard C. Allen is Reader in History at The University of South Wales. He has published widely on Quakerism, migration, and identity. His most recent works are Quaker Communities in Early Modern Wales (University of Wales Press, 2007) and the co-edited Irelands of the Mind (Cambridge Scholars, 2008); Faith of our Fathers: popular culture and belief in post-Reformation England, Ireland and Wales (Cambridge Scholars, 2009); and The Religious History of Wales: a survey of religious life and practice from the seventeenth century to the present day (Welsh Academic Press, 2013). He is currently writing Welsh Quaker Emigrants and Colonial Pennsylvania and co-authoring Quaker Networks and Moral Reform in the North East of England.

Stephen W. Angell is the Leatherock Professor of Quaker Studies at the Earlham School of Religion in Richmond, Indiana. He is co-editor with Paul Buckley of The Quaker Bible Reader (Earlham School of Religion Press, 2006); co-editor with Hal Weaver and Paul Kriese of Black Fire: African-American Quakers on Spirituality and Human Rights (Quaker Press of FGC, 2011); and author of Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South (University of Tennessee Press, 1992). He is an associate editor of the journals Quaker Studies and Quaker Theology, and he is on the editorial boards of Quaker Religious Thought and the Journal of Africana Religions.

Simon Best is Tutor for Nurturing Friends and Meetings at Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre, Birmingham, England and a lecturer within the Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies, Woodbrooke and the University of Birmingham. He was awarded his PhD from the University of Birmingham in 2010 with a thesis entitled ‘The Community of Intimacy: The Spiritual Beliefs and Religious Practices of Adolescent Quakers’. His publications include ‘Adolescent Quakers: a community of intimacy’ in Dandelion, P. and Collins, P. (eds.) The Quaker Condition: the sociology of a liberal religion (Newcastle, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009); ‘Quaker Events for Young People: informal education and (p. xii) faith transmission’ Quaker Studies; and ‘Adolescent Quakers: a hidden sect’ in Quaker Studies. His research interests include adolescent Quakers, Quaker rites of passage, and the interrelationships between adolescent, young adult, and adult Quakers.

Michael Birkel is Professor of Religion at Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, where he also directs the Newlin Center for Quaker Thought and Practice. His writings focus chiefly on Quaker spirituality and include:‘A Near Sympathy’: The Timeless Quaker Wisdom of John Woolman (Friends United Press, 2003); Silence and Witness: Quaker Spirituality (Orbis/Darton Longman and Todd, 2004); Engaging Scripture: Encountering the Bible with Early Friends (Friends United Press, 2005); The Messenger that Goes Before: Reading Margaret Fell for Spiritual Nurture (Pendle Hill, 2008); and Genius of the Transcendent: Mystical Writings of Jakob Boehme (Shambhala, 2010).

Geoffrey Cantor is Professor Emeritus of the History of Science at the University of Leeds and Honorary Senior Research Fellow at University College, London. Most of his recent research has been directed at elucidating the historical interrelations between science and religion. His publications in this area include Michael Faraday: Sandemanian and scientist (St Martin’s, 1991); Quakers, Jews, and science (Oxford University Press, 2005); Religion and the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Oxford University Press, 2011); and, with John Hedley Brooke, Reconstructing nature: The engagement of science and religion (T&T Clark, 1998).

Max L. Carter is the director of Friends Center and campus ministry coordinator at Guilford College, Greensboro, NC. His research and writing includes his PhD dissertation ‘Quaker Relations with Midwestern Indians to 1833’ (Temple University, 1989); Minutiae of the Meeting (Guilford College 1999); and College Spirit (Guilford College, 2003). He has authored numerous articles for Quaker journals, periodicals, and devotionals. A recorded Friends minister, his interests include Quaker history, intentional communities, and Quaker work for peace in the Middle East.

Elizabeth Cazden is an independent scholar based in Providence, Rhode Island, USA. She studies Quaker history especially in New England, seeking to view the Quaker experience in its economic and social context. A former lawyer, she is the author of Antoinette Brown Blackwell (Feminist Press, 1983) and of articles in Quaker History, Harvard Magazine, and Cobblestone, and on She teaches writing (adjunct) at Roger Williams University. Her current major research project has a working title of Slaves Among Friends: Rhode Island Quakers in a Slave-based Economy, 1660–1785.

Charles L. Cherry is Professor of English and formerly Associate Vice President of Academic Affairs at Villanova University near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He has been, since 1991, editor of Quaker History, based at Haverford College. He is the author of A Quiet Haven: Quakers, Moral Treatment, and Asylum Reform (Associated University Presses, 1989) as well as articles on literature and higher education. (p. xiii)

Pink Dandelion is Professor of Quaker Studies at the University of Birmingham and directs the work of the Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies, Woodbrooke and the University of Birmingham. He edits Quaker Studies and acts as Series Editor for the Edwin Mellen series in Quaker Studies. His books include The Quaker Condition (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009); The Quakers: a very short introduction (OUP, 2008); (with Jackie Leach Scully) Good and Evil: Quaker perspectives (Ashgate, 2007); Introduction to Quakerism (CUP, 2007); The Liturgies of Quakerism (Ashgate, 2005); The Creation of Quaker Theory (Ashgate, 2004); the co-authored Towards Tragedy/Reclaiming Hope (Ashgate, 2004); and The Sociological Analysis of the Theology of Quakers: the silent revolution (Edwin Mellen Press, 1996).

Petra L. Doan is Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida. A convinced Friend, she attended Westtown School and joined Westtown Meeting in 1973. After earning her BA in Philosophy at Haverford College, Dr Doan completed her MRP and PhD from the Department of City and Regional Planning at Cornell University in International Planning. In addition to numerous publications in the field of planning, her Friends Journal article (2002) on ‘Gender, Integrity, and Spirituality’ (2002) describes her spiritual journey as a transsexual woman. Dr. Doan is a member of Tallahassee Monthly Meeting in Tallahassee, Florida.

Jeffrey Dudiak is associate professor of philosophy at the King’s University College in Edmonton, Canada, specializing in Continental philosophy of religion and ethics. His major publication to date is The Intrigue of Ethics: A reading of the idea of discourse in the thought of Emmanuel Levinas (Fordham University Press, 2001). His current interest in ‘truth’ includes work on Quakers and truth. He is also engaged in thinking through a phenomenology of Quaker religious life.

Mark Freeman is a senior lecturer in economic and social history at the University of Glasgow. He has published widely on various topics, including articles in the English Historical Review, Economic History Review, History of Education, and Quaker Studies on aspects of modern British Quakerism. He is the author of The Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust: A Study in Quaker Philanthropy 1904–1954 (William Sessions, 2004); and co-author, with Robin Pearson and James Taylor, of Shareholder Democracies? Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850 (University of Chicago Press, 2012).

J. William Frost is the Emeritus Howard M. and Charles F. Jenkins Professor of Quaker History and Research at Swarthmore College. He is co-author of The Quakers; and author of The Quaker Family in Colonial America: A Portrait of the Society of Friends (Greenwood, 1988); A Perfect Freedom: Religious Liberty in Pennsylvania (Cambridge University Press, 1990); and A History of Christian, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu, and Muslim Perspectives on War and Peace (Edwin Mellen, 2004). He has edited several books and published many articles on Quaker history. His current research interests are William Penn, anti-slavery, and the evolution of the peace testimony. (p. xiv)

Mary Van Vleck Garman is Professor of Religion at Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, USA, where she also teaches in Earlham’s first-year writing programme. She is the co-editor of Hidden in Plain Sight: Quaker Women’s Writings, 1650–1700 (Pendle Hill Publications, 1996). Her other research interests include contemporary religious movements, religion in the USA, friendship, and ‘Quakeumenism’.

Michael P. Graves is an independent scholar who has served as a Professor of Communication Studies at four institutions, including George Fox University and Regent University. His publications include Preaching the Inward Light: Early Quaker Rhetoric (Baylor University Press, 2009), which was named book of the year by the Religious Communication Association. He co-edited a critical volume on Southern Gospel music and has published more than fifty scholarly essays, book chapters, and reviews. His research interests include Quaker rhetorical practice, visual rhetoric, the rhetoric of music, and transcendence and the moving image.

Gerard Guiton is the author of The Early Quakers and the ‘Kingdom of God’ (Inner Light, 2012); and The Growth and Development of Quaker Testimony (Edwin Mellen, 2005). He co-edited Overcoming Violence in Asia: The Role of the Church in Seeking Cultures of Peace (2009) for the Historic Peace Churches and World Council of Churches. Gerard is a spiritual director in private practice, a peace activist, a workshop leader, and a regular contributor to Quaker journals and newsletters worldwide. He is a member of Australia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends.

Douglas Gwyn teaches Quaker studies at Pendle Hill, a Quaker centre for study and contemplation in Wallingford, Pennsylvania. His publications include Apocalypse of the Word: the life and message of George Fox (Friends United Press, 1986); The Covenant crucified: Quakers and the rise of capitalism (Pende Hill, 1995); Seekers found: atonement in early Quaker experience (Pendle Hill, 2000); and Vision through time: the story of Pendle Hill (forthcoming). His research interests include Quakers and the Bible, eschatology, and utopian movements.

Betty Hagglund is Project Development Officer at the Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies, Woodbrooke/University of Birmingham, UK. Her publications include Tourists and Travellers (Channel View Publications, 2010) and a number of articles on Quakers and Quakerism. Her current research interests include Quakers and the natural world in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, seventeenth-century book distribution networks, Scottish Quaker history, the Aberdeen Quaker poet Lilias Skene, travel writing, history of the book, Margaret Fell and the Jews, and the nineteenth-century travel writer Maria Graham.

Thomas D. Hamm received his PhD in history from Indiana University in 1985. He is Professor of History and Director of Special Collections at Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, where he has been on the faculty since 1987. He has written and published extensively on Quakerism since 1800. His first book was The Transformation of American Quakerism: Orthodox Friends, 1800–1907 (Indiana University Press, 1988). (p. xv) His most recent is an edited volume, Quaker Writings, 1650–1920, published by Penguin Classics in 2011. His current project is a study of Hicksite Friends from 1827 to 1900.

Robynne Rogers Healey is associate professor of history and co-director of the Gender Studies Institute at Trinity Western University in Langley, British Columbia, Canada. Her publications include From Quaker to Upper Canada: Faith and Community Among Yonge Street Friends, 1801–1850 (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2006); and a number of articles on Quakers and Quakerism. Her research interests include gender and Quakerism, the transatlantic world in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the twentieth-century peace testimony, and Canadian Quakerism.

Gregory P. Hinshaw is an independent scholar. He is a public school superintendent in Indiana and has published in the areas of Quaker history, Indiana history, local history, and history of education. He is presently serving as presiding clerk of Indiana Yearly Meeting and as a member of the General Board and Executive Committee of Friends United Meeting.

Roger Homan is Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies at the University of Brighton. His early work was in the sociology of religion and the history of religious sects. More recently he has been occupied with ethical issues in social research. On these themes he has published extensively in journals. Major book publications include The Ethics of Social Research (Longman, 1992); and The Art of the Sublime (Ashgate, 2006). Current research interests include religious aesthetics and the applications of ethics.

David L. Johns taught theology at Wilmington College and Earlham School of Religion and is Vice President for Academic Affairs and Dean of the College at Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky. His publications include Quakering Theology (Ashgate, 2013); The Collected Works of Maurice Creasey (Edwin Mellen Press, 2011); Mysticism and Ethics in Baron Friedrich von Hügel (Edwin Mellen Press, 2005); and a number of articles and book chapters on Quaker thought. His research interests include ecclesiology, ecumenism, modern Quakerism, post-colonialism, and liberation theology.

Elizabeth P. Kamphausen is an independent scholar in Quaker studies. A birthright and convinced Friend, she earned her MA in Religion from the Earlham School of Religion in Richmond, Indiana. In addition to teaching Quakerism at several Friends’ boarding schools, she taught Quaker Studies at Pendle Hill in Wallingford, Pennsylvania from 1994–2000 where she also pursued research in James Nayler’s life and teachings. She is currently a Licenced Clinical Social Worker in private practice as well as a hospice counsellor, having earned an MSW from the University of Toronto. She is a member of Tallahassee Monthly Meeting in Tallahassee, Florida.

Emma J. Lapsansky is Professor of History and Curator of Special Collections, Emeritus at Haverford College, in Haverford, Pennysylvania. A University of Pennsylvania PhD (1975), her recent scholarly publications include Quaker Aesthetics (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003, with Anne Verplanck); Back to Africa: Benjamin Coates and the American Colonization Movement (Penn State University Press, 2005, with (p. xvi) Margaret Hope Bacon). Her co-authored essay on British abolitionist Thomas Clarkson is forthcoming in a University of Illinois Press anthology. She is currently at work on two research projects: a history of a Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvanian Quaker family; and a study of a mid-twentieth-century Philadelphia Quaker utopian community.

Howard R. Macy is Professor Emeritus at George Fox University in Newberg, Oregon. His publications include Rhythms of the Inner Life (F. H. Revell, 1988); Laughing Pilgrims: Humor and the Spiritual Journey (Paternoster Press, 2006); and Stepping in the Light (Friends United Press, 2007), as well as numerous articles in Friends publications. He currently serves as editor of Quaker Religious Thought and continues research interests in the Hebrew prophets, in spirituality, and in the role of humour in Christian living.

Rosemary Moore is an independent scholar attached to the Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies at Woodbrooke Quaker Centre, Birmingham. Her publications include The Light in Their Consciences: Early Quakers in Britain 1646–1666 (Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000); an edition of The History of the Life of Thomas Ellwood, Written by Himself (International Sacred Literature Trust, 2004); and (with R. Melvin Keiser) Knowing the Mystery of Life Within: Selected Writings of Isaac Penington in their Historical and Theological Context (London: Quaker Books, 2005). She was a cooperating editor for Protestant Nonconformist Text, vol.1 1550–1700 (R. Tudur Jones, ed., Ashgate 2007).

Mike Nellis is Emeritus Professor of Criminal and Community Justice in the School of Law, University of Strathclyde. He has a longstanding interest in penal reform, and is a board member of the Howard League, Scotland. He was formerly a social worker with young offenders, has a PhD from the Institute of Criminology in Cambridge, and was involved in the training of probation officers at the University of Birmingham. He has written widely on the fortunes of the probation service, alternatives to imprisonment, and particularly the electronic monitoring of offenders.

Edwina Newman is a lecturer with the Open University and a member of staff in the Centre for Postgraduate Quaker Studies at Woodbrooke in Birmingham, England. Her publications include a number of articles on Quakers and Quakerism. Her research interests include the social history of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Quakerism.

Elizabeth A. O’Donnell is a former history lecturer in further and higher education, and works as an oral historian for Northumberland County Archives, Woodhorn, Ashington, Northumberland. She has published a number of articles on nineteenth-century Quakers in the northeast of England. Her research interests include the origins of first-wave feminism, abolitionism, and the treatment of young offenders in the nineteenth century.

Laura Rediehs is associate professor of philosophy and coordinator of peace studies at St Lawrence University in Canton, New York. She is currently researching how Quakers have understood knowledge, showing how their ‘expanded empiricism’ allowed them to accept science while maintaining religious belief. Her research interests also include (p. xvii) the debates concerning scientific realism, the history of the concepts of ‘subjectivity’ and ‘objectivity’, Kuhnian incommensurability of paradigms, and comparing satyagraha with Quaker non-violence.

Arthur O. Roberts of Newberg, Oregon, is a retired George Fox University professor. Books about Quakers include Tomorrow is Growing Old, Stories of the Quakers in Alaska (Barclay, 1978); Catechism and Confession of Faith, modern English edition, with Dean Freiday (Barclay, 2001); Early Quaker Writings, with Hugh Barbour (Pendle Hill, 2004); Through Flaming Sword, the Life and Legacy of George Fox (Barclay, revised edition. 2008). He has contributed articles to several Quaker journals, including Quaker Religious Thought. His books of poetry and Christian inspiration include Heavenly Fire (Barclay, 2007) and Exploring Heaven (Harper, 2003).

Janet Scott was Head of Religious Studies and Director of Studies in Theology at Homerton College, Cambridge and a member of the faculties of Divinity and of Education at the university. She has also worked as Director of the Centre for Ecumenical Studies at Westcott House in the Cambridge Theological Federation. In 1980 she gave the Swarthmore lecture, What canst thou say? Towards a Quaker theology. She is a member of the World Council of Churches Faith and Order Plenary Commission and attends WCC Central Committee. She is currently a trustee and moderator of Churches Together in England.

Jackie Leach Scully is Professor of Social Ethics and Bioethics, and Co-Director at the Policy, Ethics, and Life Sciences Research Centre, Newcastle University, UK. Her research interests include the formation of moral understandings by religious and non-religious groups, especially around new technologies; feminist bioethics; and disability. Her publications include Quaker Approaches to Moral Issues in Genetics (Edwin Mellen, 2002); Good and Evil: Quaker Perspective, co-edited with Pink Dandelion (Ashgate, 2007); and Disability Bioethics: Moral Bodies, Moral Difference (Rowman & Littlefield, 2008), as well as numerous articles on bioethical issues.

Carole Dale Spencer is Associate Professor of Christian Spirituality at Earlham School of Religion in Richmond, Indiana. Her publications include Holiness: The Soul of Quakerism: An Historical Analysis of the Theology of Holiness in the Quaker Tradition (Paternoster, 2007); and a number of articles on Quaker history, theology, and spirituality. Her research interests include Quakers and Holiness, nineteenth-century revivalism, Quakers and Methodism, Quietism, Hannah Whitall Smith, Jeanne Guyon, and Christian mysticism.

Sylvia Stevens gained her PhD from the University of Sunderland in 2005. She is an independent researcher, a member of the Quaker Studies Research Association, and has contributed to the Journal of the Friends Historical Society. Her particular research interests focus on the cultural and religious history of Quakerism in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Her study Quakers in Northeast Norfolk, England, 1690–1800 is forthcoming from the Edwin Mellen Press. (p. xviii)

Nikki Coffey Tousley is a doctoral candidate in theology at the University of Dayton. She holds a Masters of Divinity from Duke University and an MPhil in Quaker Studies from the University of Birmingham. Her MPhil thesis focused on shifts between first- and second-generation Quaker theology as implied in conversion narratives. Her current work draws on Thomistic virtue ethics and contemporary narrative theology to understand the Quaker tradition, particularly the role of worship and sanctification in eighteenth-century Quaker writing on property on the ‘right use of things’.

Lonnie Valentine is Professor of Peace and Justice Studies at the Earlham School of Religion and has taught there for over twenty years. He has an MA in Religion from the School of Religion and a PhD from Emory University. Lonnie served as co-chair of the Religion, Peace, and War Group of the American Academy of Religion and as director of the Peace Studies Association. His publications in reference include ‘Western Ethical and Religious Traditions’ for the Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict; ‘Pacifism’ for the dictionary of Contemporary American Religion; and six entries in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace.

Maureen Waugh has a PhD from the London School of Economics. She is a freelance researcher and an overseer in Glasgow Quaker Meeting. She was formerly a lecturer in history at the University of Birmingham and has written on Quaker involvement in the League of Nations in the inter-war period.

Jacalynn Stuckey Welling is professor of history at Malone University in Canton, Ohio. Her scholarly works include articles and presentations on the intersection of faith and teaching, social reform activities among Gurneyite Quakers in Ohio, the evolution of mission practice among Evangelical Friends, and housing policy for the poor in small cities in the United States. Her current research interests include domestic and international mission practice within Evangelical Friends Church-Eastern Region. Formerly an administrator at a public housing authority in Stark County (Ohio), she is also exploring social policy trends among urban areas in the US industrial belt.

Lloyd Lee Wilson is a recorded minister of the gospel in West Grove Monthly Meeting, North Carolina Yearly Meeting (Conservative). His publications include Essays on the Quaker Vision of Gospel Order (Quaker Press of FGC, 2007); and Wrestling with Our Faith Tradition: Collected Public Witness 1995–2004 (Quaker Press of FGC, 2005); in addition to numerous pamphlets and journal articles. Wilson earned undergraduate and graduate degrees at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an MA from the Earlham School of Religion. He is Registrar Emeritus at Chowan University in North Carolina, where he also served as assistant professor of religion and accounting.

Many of the authors also acted as consultants, reading and commenting on draft chapters. We are also indebted to the following who acted as consultants:

Paul N. Anderson, Allen Austin, Maureen Bell, Irv A. Brendlinger, Peter J. Collins, Patricia D’Antonio, Nigel Dower, David J. Hall, Welling Hall, Roger Hansen, Tom Head, (p. xix) Sandra Holton, Larry H. Ingle, Nancy Irving, Sunne Juterczenka, Thomas C. Kennedy, Callie Marsh, Johan Maurer, Rachel Muers, Eleanor Nesbitt, John William Oliver Jr., John Punshon, Ben Richmond, Ann Riggs, Ellen Ross, Phil Smith, Ron Stansell, Michele L. Tarter, Christine Trevett. (p. xx)