Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Although this chapter acknowledges the scientific contributions made by Quakers, it principally addresses the broader question of how Quakers have engaged with the sciences. It begins with a discussion of the religiously motivated attitudes towards nature—and the study of nature—by Edward Burrough, William Penn, and other early Quakers. Friends have subsequently been especially active in the fields of botany, astronomy, anthropology, and, more recently, the study of the environment. Science has featured prominently in Quaker schools and many Friends have pursued careers in science. A major theme in this chapter is whether the pursuit of science is justifiable on ethical grounds; while Quakers have generally been enthusiastic about science, including the theory of evolution, it has also been subjected to various Quaker-based criticisms.

Keywords: anthropology, astronomy, botany, careers in science, education, environmentalism, evolution, study of nature, nature, science, Quaker

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.