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date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is an exploration of the visual culture of Quakers with the principal focus on two-dimensional figurative art and on the architecture and interior décor of meeting houses. From their earliest days and through the subsequent centuries, Quakers have applied restraint on visual expressions in keeping with other aspects of lifestyle and demeanour. In recent years former taboos have been relaxed along with a reappraisal of what it means to be plain and simple. Accounts are given of the restraints that emanate from within and harmonize with acceptable lifestyles, of disciplinary measures exercised by groups to control the habits of members, of the emergence of a stereotype, and of significant departures from it.

Keywords: architecture, discipline, meeting houses, plaining, portraiture, regulation, visual culture

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