Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Beginning in the mid-seventeenth century, Quakers practised impromptu preaching in a variety of venues and to varying purposes, including prophecy, evangelism, exhortation, and instruction. This chapter traces the development of Quaker vocal ministry from its beginnings until the early twenty-first century. After the Act of Toleration in 1689, Quakers evolved a fairly conservative approach to impromptu vocal ministry. This unplanned, spontaneous path to public ministry prevailed from the eighteenth-century Quietist period until the mid-nineteenth century, when the adoption of the pastoral system and ‘programmed worship’ by American Evangelical Friends ushered in the widespread adoption of the pre-planned sermon by Evangelical pastors. In the twentieth century international Quaker styles of vocal ministry began to exhibit significant variety, from spontaneous words spoken out of the silence to prepared sermons, a situation that persists to the present time.

Keywords: preaching, ministry, sermons, impromptu, silence, Apology, Hicksite, Gurneyite, Wilburite

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.