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date: 18 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Quakerism is an experiential faith that developed in reaction to and in accord with historical circumstances. Despite a mystical interiority, it was oriented to mission in the world and the creation of alternative communities. Being theoretically non-creedal and non-sacramental, its theology was supple and malleable to historical trends and conditions. Quakerism emerged in a Puritan/Calvinist context in a period of social and political upheaval, and was subsequently shaped in turn by forces of Quietism, evangelicalism, revivalism, Modernism, liberalism, feminism, and pluralism. In each new context, divergent forms of Quakerism developed, conserving some elements of the tradition and secularizing others. Today, Quaker theology ranges from conservative evangelical to non-theist. Worldwide the majority of Quakers are evangelical, and its growing edge is in the Global South, especially Bolivia and Kenya.

Keywords: Quakerism, experiential, mystical, non-creedal, non-sacramental, Puritan, Quietism, revivalism, feminism, evangelical

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