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date: 17 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The death of Fox and the passing of the Act of Toleration ushered in the long eighteenth century of Quakerism. Commonly called the Quietist period, this era has been interpretedas one in which Quakers withdrew from society and lost the ardour of the expansion period. While silence did come to dominate forms of worship, this was not a period of theological unity, but one in which three theological tendencies—Quietism, rationalism, and evangelicalism—were present. Nor was this a period of stagnation or regression. Throughout this era Quakers developed sophisticated forms of organization and governance, were active in politics, commerce, industry, and science, and became leaders in numerous humanitarian and social reform movements of the period.

Keywords: Quietism, rationalism, evangelicalism, silent worship, organization, politics, commerce, humanitarianism, social reform

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