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date: 02 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter offers an overview of the state of Islam in Spain. Although the current presence of Islam in Spain is due to transnational migrations of the 1980s and 1990s, the contemporary presence of Muslims has its origin in the so-called indigenous Islam born of conversions on the one hand and students coming from Middle East countries during the late 1970s on the other. The legal framework regulating Islam in Spain is a product of the social and political context during the transition to democracy in the 1980s and is part of a comprehensive recognition of religious pluralism country. The chapter shows that topics such as Islam in schools, Muslim political participation, and radicalization processes have been marginal in empirical studies until now. Although Muslim immigration is a recent phenomenon, Islamophobia and discourses on Islam and Muslims in public opinion have become more frequent in the first decade of the twenty-first century.

Keywords: Spain, immigration, indigenous Islam, legal framework, religious pluralism, discourses on Islam

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