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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

By giving an overview of research about Muslims in Germany this chapter sheds light on the conjunctions of political paradigms and academic research that have contributed to establishing ‘Muslim’ as a category of classification within the last two decades. Concurrent with the changes to German citizenship law in 2000, the term ‘Muslim’ forcefully entered both public debates and research agendas. It replaced other categories like ‘guest worker’ or ‘foreigner’ and contributed to specific shifts in public exchanges that since have been described as an Islamization of debates and individuals. By presenting the leading research trends and biggest surveys on Islam and Muslims in Germany, this chapter also discusses how the integration paradigm that shaped state policy towards Islam influences research. It concludes that research today needs to refrain from simply perpetuating political paradigms and should instead reflect the effects of dominant conceptualization of Muslims as immigrants.

Keywords: Germany, integration paradigm, public discourse and research, ‘Muslim’ as a category of knowledge, Islamization, immigration

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