Abstract and Keywords
The presence of Islam in Greece presents two important specificities. The first relates to the historical identification between Greek national identity and Orthodox Christianity, which is reflected in the absence of a formal separation between church and state, and the association between Islam and Turkish national identity in various instances of Greece’s history. The second is that the country’s Muslim population consists of two broad groups. The first is Greece’s Muslim minority, a heritage of the Ottoman period as is the case in many neighbouring Balkan countries. The second is a result of recent migrations to Greece and bears similarities to Muslim communities in Western Europe. Research has focused on the history and demographics of these groups, their ethnic composition and legal status, religious practices and organizations, as well as issues of discrimination and the ongoing debates around the building of a Central Mosque in Athens.
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