Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses upon the process of institutionalization of Islam in Europe and is divided in two parts. The first part examines (a) the context framing this process from a legal, social, and political perspective, (b) the players who are involved, and (c) the dynamics taking place among the involved actors in the described context. The second part reviews the existing literature, in a two-fold perspective: firstly, taking into account the great variety of topics, methodological approaches, and research objectives, it deals with the different notions and uses of the interpretative category ‘institutionalization of Islam’; secondly, it discusses comparative studies on three selected case studies, namely religious slaughter, the building of mosques, and religious education.
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