Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents an overview of the state of knowledge on Islam and Muslim communities in Bulgaria. Since 1989, an extensive body of literature has been produced, mainly in fields of history, anthropology, sociology, and political science. The vast majority of these studies deal with the native Bulgarian Muslim minorities. Immigration is a new phenomenon for the Bulgarian society and research of Muslim immigrants is still in its early stages. The chapter presents in detail the demographic and social-economic profiles of Muslim communities. It then discusses the place Islam occupies in public space in Bulgaria, the issues of religious education and religious practices, and Muslim participation in Bulgarian politics. In the final part, the chapter looks in detail into two interconnected phenomena, which have occupied the public debates in Bulgaria in recent years: the alleged radicalization of Bulgarian Muslims and Islamophobia.
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