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date: 22 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In recent years, probabilistic approaches to epistemological questions have become increasingly influential. This chapter surveys a number of the most significant ways in which probability is relevant to contemporary epistemology. Topics surveyed include: the debate surrounding the connection between full and partial beliefs; synchronic rational constraints on credences including probabilism, regularity, reflection, and the principal principle; diachronic rational constraints on credences including conditionalization and de se updating; the application of the requirement of total evidence; evidential probability, focusing on the theories of Henry Kyburg and Timothy Williamson; sharp and fuzzy credences; likelihood arguments, including the fine-tuning argument for Design; dogmatism and its critics; and transmission failure, focusing on the work of Crispin Wright.

Keywords: partial belief, probabilism, principal principle, conditionalization, de se updating, requirement of total evidence, fuzzy credence, likelihood argument, transmission failure

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