- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Equality: Its Justification, Nature, and Domain
- The Measurement of Economic Inequality
- Income Inequality in Richer and OECD Countries
- Functional Distribution and Inequality
- Wealth and Economic Inequality
- Top Incomes
- Inequality and Earnings Distribution
- Inequality and the Labor Market: Employers
- Inequality and the Labor Market: Unions
- Low Pay
- Gender and Economic Inequality
- Economic Inequality, Poverty, and Social Exclusion
- Inequality and Time Use in the Household
- Inequality and Happiness
- Health and Economic Inequality
- Education and Inequality
- Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality
- International Migration, Ethnicity, and Economic Inequality
- Intergenerational Income Mobility and the Role of Family Background
- Intragenerational Inequality and Intertemporal Mobility
- Inequality and Economic Growth
- Globalization and Inequality
- Poverty and Inequality: The Global Context
- Economic Inequality and the Welfare State
- The Political Economy of Inequality and Redistribution
- Prospects for Achieving Equality in Market Economies
Abstract and Keywords
This article deals with the relationship between economic inequality and health. It first reviews the most common hypotheses about how inequality might affect health and vice versa. It then turns to an assessment of the empirical evidence for a link between health and inequality. It emphasizes that the cross-sectional relationship between inequality and health is quite likely to provide biased estimates so use of panel data and appropriate techniques represents a significant advance in the literature to date. The evidence for a relationship between inequality and health (in either direction) is found to be weak, and the field is characterized as one with too many theories for the number of available data points at this time.
Andrew Leigh is an Associate Professor in the Economics Program of the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University. His academic website is http://econrss.anu.edu.au/~aleigh/.
Christopher Jencks is the Malcolm Wiener Professor of Social Policy at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. His current research focuses on claims about the costs and benefits of letting economic inequality rise.
Timothy M. Smeeding, Arts and Sciences Distinguished Professor of Public Affairs and Economics, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
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