- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Equality: Its Justification, Nature, and Domain
- The Measurement of Economic Inequality
- Income Inequality in Richer and OECD Countries
- Functional Distribution and Inequality
- Wealth and Economic Inequality
- Top Incomes
- Inequality and Earnings Distribution
- Inequality and the Labor Market: Employers
- Inequality and the Labor Market: Unions
- Low Pay
- Gender and Economic Inequality
- Economic Inequality, Poverty, and Social Exclusion
- Inequality and Time Use in the Household
- Inequality and Happiness
- Health and Economic Inequality
- Education and Inequality
- Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality
- International Migration, Ethnicity, and Economic Inequality
- Intergenerational Income Mobility and the Role of Family Background
- Intragenerational Inequality and Intertemporal Mobility
- Inequality and Economic Growth
- Globalization and Inequality
- Poverty and Inequality: The Global Context
- Economic Inequality and the Welfare State
- The Political Economy of Inequality and Redistribution
- Prospects for Achieving Equality in Market Economies
Abstract and Keywords
A large body of research on poverty in industrialized countries has been produced since poverty was ‘rediscovered’ in various rich countries in the 1960s and 1970s. This article provides an overview of the main approaches taken and the evidence produced by this research. It first discusses the way poverty is conceptualized and measured, followed by a review of the evidence about levels and trends in poverty measured in terms of low income. The types of person and household most at risk of poverty and the causal processes at work are then considered. The factors underpinning differences in poverty levels across OECD countries are explored, as is the relationship between poverty and economic inequality. The use of non-income information and the multidimensional nature of poverty and social exclusion are briefly discussed. Finally, some key issues for policy and for future research are highlighted.
Brian Nolan, Professor of Social Policy, and Director of Employment, Equity, and Growth Programme, University of Oxford.
Ive Marx is a research fellow at the Centre for Social Policy at the University of Antwerp, Belgium. The main focus of his research is poverty and minimum income protection, especially in relation to labor market change and migration.
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