- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Equality: Its Justification, Nature, and Domain
- The Measurement of Economic Inequality
- Income Inequality in Richer and OECD Countries
- Functional Distribution and Inequality
- Wealth and Economic Inequality
- Top Incomes
- Inequality and Earnings Distribution
- Inequality and the Labor Market: Employers
- Inequality and the Labor Market: Unions
- Low Pay
- Gender and Economic Inequality
- Economic Inequality, Poverty, and Social Exclusion
- Inequality and Time Use in the Household
- Inequality and Happiness
- Health and Economic Inequality
- Education and Inequality
- Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality
- International Migration, Ethnicity, and Economic Inequality
- Intergenerational Income Mobility and the Role of Family Background
- Intragenerational Inequality and Intertemporal Mobility
- Inequality and Economic Growth
- Globalization and Inequality
- Poverty and Inequality: The Global Context
- Economic Inequality and the Welfare State
- The Political Economy of Inequality and Redistribution
- Prospects for Achieving Equality in Market Economies
Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on the role of unions and their influence on economic inequality. Section 2 reviews the literature regarding the union effect on wages and wage inequality. Section 3 considers the separate contributions of union power, membership composition, bargaining coordination, and wage policy. Section 4 introduces the distinction between membership and coverage, while the following two sections discuss the impact of union power on earnings inequality when coverage is either exclusive or inclusive. Section 7 discusses the rationale for unions aiming for wage compression while Section 8 estimates how the presence of trade unions has influenced the extent and dynamics of earnings inequality across advanced economies during the 1980s and 1990s. For this purpose indicators have been developed for trends in equality and union presence from different sources. Section 9 concludes.
Jelle Visser is Professor of Sociology of Labour and Organisation at the University of Amsterdam, where he is Scientific Director of the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies. He has written widely on trade unionism, labour relations, employment policy and comparative welfare state, and has been the chief editor of various Industrial Relations in Europe reports for the European Commission.
Daniele Checchi is currently Professor of Labor Economics at the University of Milan (Italy). He studies the role of institutions in the labor market. He also has an interest in the economics of education.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.