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date: 18 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the relevance of Smith’s biography and his published writings, in , , and his posthumous (1795), and discerns a hidden Adam Smith, contrary to his public religiosity. His early biographical details suggest that his theological ideas were moulded by his life-long strong relationship with his religious mother and with his moderate Calvinist upbringing, but these early views changed during his absences from his home at Glasgow (1737–40) and Oxford (1740–46). In the 6th edition (1789) of his , he made considerable excisions and modifications of the outright religious statements in the first five editions (his mother died in 1784).

Keywords: Adam Smith, religion, deism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism

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