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date: 23 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Luther’s catechism entered Asian cultures with translations into Asian languages in 1715 (Tamil, south India) and 1843 (Chinese). In the twentieth century a small number of other works appeared in Tamil, Chinese, and Japanese. Study of Luther’s writings took place at seminaries staffed by European and North American missionaries. Slowly, especially under the sponsorship of the Lutheran World Federation, Asian theologians from several cultures have begun to write on Luther’s thought, and further translations of his works have been published. Focus on justification by faith, the theology of the cross, and on social issues has dominated these studies. Issues regarding apt translations of his key concepts remain under discussion.

Keywords: translations, Luther’s works, justification by faith, theology of the cross, Kazoh Kitamori, Theology of the Pain of God, Luther and society

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