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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Initiated by the Roman church, the ‘rupture of the system’ that separated Luther and that church flowed from his rejection of scholastic theology and his modification and transformation of popular piety and ecclesiastical practice, especially in pastoral care. The system ruptured as church officials rejected Luther’s appeals. In treatises composed in 1520 he criticized papal power and called for reform of cloisters, the priesthood, and countless pious usages. He rejected specific provisions of medieval conciliar decisions. Luther’s congruity with and separation from the medieval church requires more study.

Keywords: scholasticism, indulgences, Lord’s Supper, medieval councils

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