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date: 12 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Luther’s continuity with his past appears in an unbroken line in von Staupitz’s pastoral counsel, his use of exegetical resources, his use of church history for support of his arguments; parallels with medieval thought and practice occurred in his concept of the two realms and justification; his view of the universal priesthood represents a transformation of elements in mystical steams of thought and Ockham; his distinction of law and gospel parallels certain mystical expressions. Luther’s concept of grace arose in a complex recombination of elements in these same sources. Luther creatively adopted, adapted, and transformed components of various medieval ways of thought.

Keywords: monastic-mystical theology, Johannes von Staupitz, infant baptism, two realms, justification, distinction of law and gospel, grace

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