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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Luther’s theology, permeated by eschatological struggle, asserted that the Last Day was near, as Satan battled God through his agents, the papal Antichrist and other opponents of his Word, spiritualists, Anabaptists, Zwinglians, Turks, and Jews. Luther rejected interpreting God’s judgement precisely from history but affirmed God’s providential guidance in the eschatological struggle against Satan. Life lived in the shadow of death, always in spiritual struggle, is liberated by the gospel of Christ. Luther comforted the bereaved with reminders of Christ’s death and resurrection ‘for you’, anticipating life with God in resurrected bodies beyond the need for his means of earthly presentation, seeing him face-to-face.

Keywords: eschatology, Satan, death, resurrection, Last Judgement

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