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date: 13 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Luther criticized the medieval restriction of baptism to an initiating role in the Christian life and expanded its place on the basis of Romans 6:3–11 to embrace daily dying and rising in repentance and reception of forgiveness. God commanded baptism as a form of his Word and promised forgiveness, life, and salvation through it. Luther opposed both veneration of baptismal water apart from the Word and rejection of the saving power of the Word connected to the water. He insisted that baptism leads to and requires faith. Christ also commanded confession and absolution. Luther rejected ‘satisfactions’ as a part of this sacrament, stressing private confession for the forgiveness of sins.

Keywords: baptism, repentance, penance, confession, absolution

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