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date: 14 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Pastoral care occupied a central role in Luther’s life and work. Consoling the crushed conscience after God’s law had moved it to repentance shaped his expression of his interpretation of Scripture, reorienting his focus from works to God’s word of forgiveness and new life. From the indulgence controversy on, he delivered pastoral care in preaching, letters, and personal conversation; pastoral concerns formed his views on confession and absolution, proper proclamation of law and gospel and of Christ’s person and work, and determined his reaction to human suffering and spiritual struggles, which he viewed in the light of Christ’s own suffering.

Keywords: pastoral care, consolation of consciences, confession and absolution, distinction of law and gospel, Christ’s person and work, Anfechtungen

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