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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Luther learned theology within the context of tensions between and synthesizing of medieval schools of thought, loosely defined philosophically as nominalism and realism. He engaged especially principles from nominalist teachers, adapting, transforming, and criticizing elements of this form of scholastic theology. Particularly the understanding of God’s grace and the role of human salvation propagated by his teachers’ teacher, Gabriel Biel, and also Pierre d’Ailly earned Luther’s critique. Luther demonstrated his use of and engagement with Scholastic thinkers in developing his own understanding of the bound will, Christology, motion, and the Lord’s Supper. Luther rejected theories of double truth.

Keywords: nominalism, realism, scholastic theology, bound will, Christology, Lord’s Supper

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