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date: 13 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Born in 1483 to relatively well-off entrepreneurial parents, Luther abandoned the study of law to enter a monastery in 1505. Superiors directed him to leadership positions within the Augustinian order and doctoral studies (doctorate in Bible, 1512). He became professor at the infant university of Wittenberg. In several academic disputations he proposed reforms in the university curriculum and the church’s teaching and practice. His Ninety-five Theses on indulgences (1517) launched a call for reform and began his exploitation of the printing press, setting off the Protestant Reformation. Papal excommunication (1520/1521) and imperial condemnation at the Diet of Worms (1521) did not stop the growth of his following, which he directed with colleagues through treatises, correspondence, university teaching, and preaching.

Keywords: Luther, career, Ninety-five Theses, Diet of Worms

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