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date: 03 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

A creative response is novel, good, and relevant. This chapter explores current research and different perspectives on how people are creative. We first discuss the creative process itself. What cognitive processes occur while someone is being creative? Next, we analyze the research on what types of people are creative. We first discuss the copious research on creativity and personality, addressing the larger question of which types of people are more likely to be creative. We then cover studies that explore how knowledge, intelligence, and expertise all play a role in how a people express their creativity. Next we discuss the kinds of creative contributions creative individuals can make. We conclude by noting that creativity research is challenging: it is context dependent, hard to measure, and not particularly popular.

Keywords: Creativity, personality, expertise, knowledge, intelligence, creative contributions

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