- List of Contributors
- The Self and the Good Life
- Nationalism and Patriotism
- The Making of the Modern Metropolis
- The Other
- Freedom and Human Emancipation
- Work and Labour
- Suffering In Theology and Modern European Thought
- Nihilism and Theology: Who Stands at the Door?
- War and Peace
- Radical Philosophy and Political Theology
- Beauty and Sublimity
- Time and History
- The Metaphysics of Modernity
- The Bible
- Divine Providence
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter, which explores theological ideas about work and labour, first examines the labour theories of political economists such as Adam Smith, David Ricardo, and Jeremy Bentham. In different ways, they viewed labour as the principle source of the value of things, based upon a model of human labour in the supposed ‘state of nature’. The emergence of a socialist, political dimension in the labour theories of French ‘Utopian’ socialists, Karl Marx, and British Romantic authors is then discussed. Finally, ontological questions about human labour are addressed, focusing on the views of Marie-Dominique Chenu, Miroslav Volf, Karl Barth, and Josef Pieper.
John Hughes is Dean and Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. He is the author of The End of Work: Theological Critiques of Capitalism (2007) and editor of The Unknown God: Sermons Responding to the New Atheists (forthcoming), and is currently working on a project on creation and instrumental reason.
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