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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter, which explores theological ideas about work and labour, first examines the labour theories of political economists such as Adam Smith, David Ricardo, and Jeremy Bentham. In different ways, they viewed labour as the principle source of the value of things, based upon a model of human labour in the supposed ‘state of nature’. The emergence of a socialist, political dimension in the labour theories of French ‘Utopian’ socialists, Karl Marx, and British Romantic authors is then discussed. Finally, ontological questions about human labour are addressed, focusing on the views of Marie-Dominique Chenu, Miroslav Volf, Karl Barth, and Josef Pieper.

Keywords: labour theory, political economists, philosophy, philosophers, Karl Marx, socialists, British Romantic authors, Marie-Dominique Chenu, Miroslav Volf, Karl Barth

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