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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Modern European thought has both challenged the doctrine of incarnation and provided the resources for reconstituting it in the face of this challenge. The critique of metaphysics since the Enlightenment has exposed the inadequacy of the substance ontology upon which the classical doctrine was based. The search to fill the vacuum left by the slow withdrawal of the God of metaphysics has led to a creative engagement with new modes of thinking and has driven forward the quest for more adequate ways of understanding Jesus of Nazareth. The result has been the upsurge of new visions of Christ. This chapter discusses the interpretation of Christ in ethical terms; the Christ of religious experience; the idealist Christ; the kenotic Christ; the dialectical Christ; the existential Christ; the political Christ; the eschatological Christ; the post-metaphysical Christ.

Keywords: metaphysics, theology, Jesus Christ, Enlightenment, God, Christologies

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