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date: 23 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores conceptions of the Bible in modern European thought. The first section examines the work of Hegel and Schleiermacher, and connects aspects of their philosophies to issues in Biblical interpretation. The second section considers three classic essays on the Bible by Strauss, Renan, and Jowett, which articulate significant nineteenth-century cultural contradictions vis-à-vis the Bible, many of which persist in our own time. The third section considers two contrasting influential twentieth-century approaches to the Bible: Barth's expressionist commentary on Romans and Bultmann's existentialist programme of ‘demythologization’.

Keywords: biblical interpretation, Hegel, Friedrich Schleiermacher, David Strauss, Ernest Renan, Benjamin Jowett, Karl Barth, Rudolf Bultmann, Romans, demythologization

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