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date: 18 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Hermeneutics has transformed from a regional, context-specific subsidiary art into a universal mode of philosophizing that dominated European thought for the last two centuries. Contemporary hermeneutics emerged from Romanticism, German Idealism, and the phenomenology of Husserl and Heidegger, as well as French structuralism and poststructuralism. This chapter discusses four figures who played key roles in this revolution of hermeneutics from the regional to the universal: Friedrich Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Dilthey, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Paul Ricoeur. The work of Martin Heidegger is also briefly discussed because of his influence on Gadamer.

Keywords: Friedrich Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Dilthey, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Paul Ricoeur, Martin Heidegger

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