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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Time and history are prominent yet ambiguous themes in contemporary Western thought. While metaphysics saw the world from a perspective beyond time and history, we are now supposed to live in a post-metaphysical age. This chapter critically reviews this common understanding, arguing that the underlying scheme of immanence vs. transcendence must be questioned if we are to take seriously the idea that humans are situated in time and history. It suggests that rather than thinking of theology in ‘post-’ terms, e.g., in a post-metaphysical age, we must look at ways in which time and history become questions to us, and at movements humans perform, not least in religion, in relating to time and history. Taking as its point of departure the question of the human condition, the chapter focuses on the tension between two claims: humans are what they are time, and they are humans time. What it means to be situated, as humans, in time as the time of different times, is discussed through two leitmotifs: ethics and infinity.

Keywords: metaphysics, time, history, ethics, infinity

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