- List of Contributors
- The Self and the Good Life
- Nationalism and Patriotism
- The Making of the Modern Metropolis
- The Other
- Freedom and Human Emancipation
- Work and Labour
- Suffering In Theology and Modern European Thought
- Nihilism and Theology: Who Stands at the Door?
- War and Peace
- Radical Philosophy and Political Theology
- Beauty and Sublimity
- Time and History
- The Metaphysics of Modernity
- The Bible
- Divine Providence
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter explores four alternative conceptions of nature that have emerged in European thought over several centuries – Pre-modern, Enlightenment, Romantic, and Environmental – and considers the belief in the animation of the nature as reflected in Hebrew Scriptures and the work of Plato and Ovid. It discusses how the Enlightenment conception of ‘human nature’ – despite its humanistic tone – is actually de-humanizing. The chapter describes the Romantic ideal, and the new agenda is set for painters, writers, and composers, as well as Nietzsche's thoughts on Romantic naturalism. It suggests that environmentalism, aided by ecological study, invokes a concept of nature that does not stand in opposition to humanity, but encompasses it.
Michael Allen Gillespie is Professor of Political Science and Philosophy at Duke University.? His principal focus is modern continental theory, philosophy and religion, and the history of political philosophy. He is the author of Hegel, Heidegger and the Ground of History (Chicago, 1984), Nihilism before Nietzsche (Chicago, 1995), and The Theological Origins of Modernity (Chicago, 2008). He is also co-editor of Nietzsche's New Seas: Explorations in Philosophy, Aesthetics, and Politics (Chicago, 1988), Ratifying the Constitution (Kansas, 1992), and Homo Politicus, Homo Economicus (Springer, 2008). He is the Director of the Gerst Program in Political, Economic, and Humanistic Studies.
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