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date: 25 August 2019

(p. xvii) List of Abbreviations

(p. xvii) List of Abbreviations

1sPN

first-person singular pronoun

1sSM

first-person singular subject marker

ACC

accusative

ACD

antecedent-contained deletion

ACDH

A-chain Deficit Hypothesis

ACE

additive genetic variance + shared environmental variance + non-shared environmental variance

AGR

subject–verb agreement

AIC

Akaike’s Information Criterion

AIH

Argument Intervention Hypothesis

ANS

Approximate Number System

APL

applicative

ASL

American Sign Language

AT

Actor-Topic

ATOM

Agreement Tense Omission Model

BCD

Biased Constraint Demotion

CAH

Canonical Alignment Hypothesis

CC

consonant+consonant

CD

Constraint Demotion

CFG

context-free grammar

CG

consonant+glide

CG

Construction Grammar

CH

consonant harmony

CL

clitic

CL

consonant+liquid

COMP

comparative

CP

cardinal principle

CT

Circumstantial-Topic (p. xviii)

CV

consonant+verb

D

determiner

DS

Down Syndrome

DAT

dative

Deg

degree

DET

determiner

DIM

diminutive

DIR

directional

DMCMC

decayed Markov Chain Monte Carlo

DP

determiner phrase

DPBE

Delay of Principle B Effect

DR

double-reversal

DZ

dizygotic (twins)

EARH

External Argument Requirement Hypothesis

EC

empty category

ECM

exceptional case-marking

ECP

Empty Category Principle

EDCD

Error-Driven Constraint Demotion

EM

Expectation-Maximization

EP

Elicited Production

EPP

Extended Projection Principle

ER

embedded-reversal

ERPs

evoked response potentials

ESL

Error-Selective Learning

F0

fundamental frequency

FI

faire-infinitive

FP

faire-par

FRUs

first of repeated uses

FUT-PRT

future particle

FV

final vowel (mood)

GA

genetic algorithm

GA

gradable adjective

GB

Government-Binding

GEN

genitive (p. xix)

GLA

Gradual Learning Algorithm

GPSG

Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar

HAS

high amplitude sucking

HG

Harmonic Grammar

HPP

head-turn preference procedure

HPSG

Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar

IDL

Inconsistency Detection Learner

IF

Intermediate Faith

IMPERF

imperfect

IND

indicative

INFL

infinitival

INSTR

instrumental

LF

logical form

LFCD

Low Faithfulness Constraint Demotion

LFG

Lexical-Functional Grammar

LOC

locative

LP

long passive

MCDI

MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory

MGL

Minimal Generalization Learner

MLG

Maximum Likelihood Learning of Lexicons and Grammars

MLU

mean length of utterance

MLUW

mean length of utterance in words

MMN

mismatch negativity

MP

Minimalist Program

MPs

measure phrases

MR

matrix-reversal

MRCD

Multi-Recursive Constraint Demotion

MRE

Modal Reference Effect

MZ

monozygotic (twins)

NEG

negative

NEUT

neuter

NOM

nominative

NP

noun phrase

NPI

negative polarity item (p. xx)

OCP

Obligatory Contour Principle

OT

Optimality Theory

P&P

principles and parameters

PAC

Probably Approximately Correct

PART

particle

PASS

passive

PAST

past tense

PCFG

probabilistic context-free grammar

PERF

perfect tense

PERFV

perfective

PERS.DET

personal determiner

PF

phonetic form

PIC

Phase Impenetrability Condition

PL

plural

PoS

poverty of the stimulus

PP

prepositional phrase

PPI

Positive Polarity Items

PRET

preterite

PRS

present tense

PTPs

phoneme transition pairs

PWd

prosodic words

QR

Quantifier Raising

QNP

quantified noun phrase

QTL

quantitative trait locus

RCD

Recursive Constraint Demotion

r.e.

recursively enumerable

RI

root infinitive

RIP

Robust Interpretive Parsing

RMSEA

root-mean square error of approximation

RT

reaction time

R-to-O

raising-to-object

SEM

structural equation modeling

SG

singular

SGA

Stochastic Gradient Ascent/Descent (p. xxi)

SLI

Specific Language Impairment

SMT

Strong Minimalist Thesis

SP

short passive

SS

Spontaneous Speech

STL

Structural Triggers Learner

SUBJ

subjunctive

SVC

Single Value Constraint

TCP

The Compounding Parameter

TD

typically developing

TEDS

Twin Early Development Study

TLA

Triggering Learning Algorithm

TOP

topic

TP

transitional probability

TT

Theme-Topic

TVJ

truth value judgment

UCC

Unique Checking Constraint

UG

Universal Grammar

UN

unmarked for case

UPR

Universal Phase Requirement

UPRH

Universal Phase Requirement Hypothesis

UR

underlying representation

UTAH

Uniformity of Theta Assignment Hypothesis (Baker 1988)

VOT

voice onset time

VP

verb phrse

VPE

verb phrase ellipsis

WS

Williams Syndrome (p. xxii)