- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Linguistics
- List of Abbreviations
- The Acquisition of Phonological Inventories
- Phonotactics and Syllable Structure in Infant Speech Perception
- Phonological Processes in Children’s Productions: Convergence with and Divergence from Adult Grammars
- Prosodic Phenomena: Stress, Tone, and Intonation
- Compound Word Formation
- Morpho-phonological Acquisition
- Processing Continuous Speech in Infancy: From Major Prosodic Units to Isolated Word Forms
- Argument Structure
- Voice Alternations (Active, Passive, Middle)
- On the Acquisition of Prepositions and Particles
- A-Movement in Language Development
- The Acquisition of Complements
- Acquisition of Questions
- Root Infinitives in Child Language and the Structure of the Clause
- Mood Alternations
- Null Subjects
- Case and Agreement
- Acquiring Possessives
- Acquisition of Comparatives and Degree Constructions
- Quantification in Child Language
- The Acquisition of Binding and Coreference
- Logical Connectives
- The Expression of Genericity in Child Language
- Lexical and Grammatical Aspect
- Scalar Implicature
- Computational Theories of Learning and Developmental Psycholinguistics
- Statistical Learning, Inductive Bias, and Bayesian Inference in Language Acquisition
- Computational Approaches to Parameter Setting in Generative Linguistics
- Learning with Violable Constraints
- Language Development in Children with Developmental Disorders
- The Genetics of Spoken Language
- Phonological Disorders: Theoretical and Experimental Findings
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter highlights some of the descriptive and experimental findings about young children’s phonological (non-organic) disorders that have emerged from and contribute to contemporary rule- and constraint-based theories of phonology. Special attention is given to the nature of children’s underlying representations and the processes that relate those representations to corresponding phonetic outputs. Grammatical accounts of several characteristic error patterns are examined from different theoretical perspectives. The focus is on error patterns involving restrictions on phonetic inventories, distributional restrictions, paradigm effects (i.e., morpho-phonological alternations), conspiracies, and consonant clusters. Experimental results from clinical treatment studies are also brought to bear on the evaluation of several phonological claims.
Keywords: conspiracies, consonant clusters, phonetic inventories, underlying representations, covert contrasts, phonological processes, morpho-phonological alternations, optimality theory, single-subject experimental designs, clinical intervention
Daniel A. Dinnsen is Chancellor’s Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at Indiana University-Bloomington. His research brings the latest developments in phonological theory to bear on the analysis of young children’s developing sound systems and phonological learning patterns, with special emphasis on phonological (non-organic) disorders. Dinnsen’s research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health for the last 30 years.
Jessica A. Barlow is Professor of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences at San Diego State University. Her research focuses specifically on phonological acquisition and phonological theory, with the goal of documenting universal properties of language sounds systems in order to better inform our understanding of, and theories about, language, language acquisition, and language disorders, as well as the clinical management of those disorders.
Judith A. Gierut is Professor of Speech and Hearing Sciences at Indiana University-Bloomington. Her research examines the linguistic structure of the phonologies of children with phonological disorders and the psycholinguistic variables that affect language learning in the population. The work is translational in that Gierut’s findings from basic research have direct clinical application in the validation of phonological treatment efficacy. Her research has had a 30-year history of support from the National Institutes of Health.
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