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date: 22 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter aims to clarify the role of the Orthodox Church in the ecumenical movement. Historically present in the movement from the beginning, and theologically challenging the understanding of unity in the movement right up to the present day, the Orthodox tradition has shown ambivalence in relation to other Christians and especially with regard to their claims to ecclesiality. An ecclesiological challenge has become the most remarkable characteristic of the Orthodox in the inter-Christian context. Nevertheless, the Orthodox tradition has demonstrated the capacity to reach agreements through dialogue in spite of difficulties associated with other Christian traditions such as the relativization of the inherited tradition. Among achievements on the way to Christian unity is rapprochement between the two Orthodox families, Eastern and Oriental. Many questions remain to be answered within the Orthodox Church in order to bring new breath into inter-Christian dialogue.

Keywords: ecclesiology, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, ecumenical, dialogue, rapprochement, koinonia

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