- The Early Stages: Pre-1910
- Laying the Foundations: 1910–1948
- Pivotal Years: 1948–1965
- Intense Activity: 1965–1990
- Consolidation and Challenge: 1990—Present
- Pentecostal and Charismatic
- Faith and Order
- World Council of Churches
- Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
- Bilateral Dialogues
- Chevetogne, Taizé, and the Groupe des Dombes
- United and Uniting Churches
- Regional and National Councils of Churches
- Interchurch Families
- Week of Prayer for Christian Unity
- Global Christian Forum
- Britain and Ireland
- United States of America
- Latin America
- The Middle East
- The Unity We Seek
- In Search of a Way
- Method in Ecumenism
- Kenotic Ecumenism
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter aims to clarify the role of the Orthodox Church in the ecumenical movement. Historically present in the movement from the beginning, and theologically challenging the understanding of unity in the movement right up to the present day, the Orthodox tradition has shown ambivalence in relation to other Christians and especially with regard to their claims to ecclesiality. An ecclesiological challenge has become the most remarkable characteristic of the Orthodox in the inter-Christian context. Nevertheless, the Orthodox tradition has demonstrated the capacity to reach agreements through dialogue in spite of difficulties associated with other Christian traditions such as the relativization of the inherited tradition. Among achievements on the way to Christian unity is rapprochement between the two Orthodox families, Eastern and Oriental. Many questions remain to be answered within the Orthodox Church in order to bring new breath into inter-Christian dialogue.
Tamara Gzdzelidze has been Ambassador of Georgia to the Holy See since 2014. She previously served as Orthodox Executive at the Faith and Order Secretariat of the World Council of Churches in Geneva, Switzerland (2001-2013).
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