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date: 25 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The last seventy years have seen many dialogues between Roman Catholics and Protestants (mainly, but not exclusively, Lutherans) on the doctrine of justification. This article surveys eight of these dialogues, their culmination in the 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, and the impact of this last document. Also considered are nine doctrinal issues raised by the dialogues: justification as the chief article of faith; human incapacity; the definition of justification; why we are accounted righteous; remaining sin in the Christian; faith alone; lapse and restoration; merit and reward; and assurance of salvation. The conclusion is that considerable progress has been made in clearing up misunderstandings and that the two sides have drawn together. It remains to be seen how solid and lasting is this achievement.

Keywords: dialogue, Joint Declaration, justification, faith, lapse and restoration, merit and reward, assurance of salvation

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