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date: 13 December 2019

(p. 747) Index

(p. 747) Index

Abelard, Peter: 79
abolitionist movement: 68–69, 105, 165, 189, 258, 262, 288, 673, 679
and laboring-class poets, 165, 288
Ackroyd, Peter: 229
acrostics: 112, 135–136, 221, 281, 743
Act of Uniformity: 115
Act of Union of 1707: 14–15, 112, 118, 304, 306–313, 458, 597
Addison, Joseph: 45, 120–121, 129, 147, 177, 187, 217, 250, 280, 286, 292–295, 323, 402, 409, 487, 542, 558, 625–626, 628, 710, 714
and Milton, 474, 687, 680
as critic, 28, 31, 187, 190, 611, 613, 620
The Campaign, 45, 292
Cato, 30, 402–, 425n, 714
on genius, 214–215
on Virgil’s Georgics, 190, 468
“Pleasures of Imagination” essays, 187, 397, 620, 625–627
Rosamund, 37, 413, 714
Warton on, 217, 399, 413
Adney, Thomas: 68
advice-to-a-painter poems, 184, 276, 289, 495
Aesop: 604–605, 608, 697
afterpieces: 35–38
Agorni, Mirella: 597, 604, 697
Aikin, Anna. See Barbauld, Anna Letitia.
Aikin, John: 67, 89, 99, 105, 117–118, 704–705
Aikin, Lucy: 105–107
Aix-la-Chappelle, Treaty of: 304
Akenside, Mark: 118, 187, 328–329, 331, 396, 402, 519, 576, 621, 629, 658
and blank verse, 388, 396–397, 401
and the Museum, 61, 63, 513
Pleasures of Imagination, The, 149, 187
Pleasures of the Imagination, The, 186, 231, 329, 394, 621
Alderson, Amelia. See Opie, Amelia.
Alexander the Great: 587
alexandrine: 383, 411, 420, 424, 709
Algarotti, Francesco: 255, 321
Alhazen (Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytha): 198
allegory: 276, 285, 339–340, 324, 329, 354, 443, 519, 525–526, 633, 636, 640, 642, 645, 653
as component of the epic, 478n14, 480, 600
in political poetry, 288, 339–340, 448, 496
biblical, 288–289, 496
in Collins, 283, 519–520, 658
in Denham, 339–340, 354
pastoral, 448, 450
Spenserian, 288, 520
Virgilian, 600
Allingham, William: 8
alliteration: 519
and children’s books, 92, 100
as archaism, 556
as quality of oral poetry, 556
in pastoral, 443
allusion: 85, 283, 649–667
and echo, 651–652, 663
and metaphor, 650–651
and parody, 653
and plagiarism, 234, 252, 663
and quotation, 651
as mimesis, 650, 653
classical, 656–657
in Gray, 661–666
in Milton, 649–650
in mock-heroic, 649, 654
in the Dunciad, 653–659
literary, 649
personal, 649–650
scriptural, 649, 656, 658, 660
theory of, 649–653
to Milton, 656–657, 660–662, 666
to Virgil, 656–658, 662
topical, 649
(p. 748) Alsop, Anthony: 144
Ames, Richard: 499
Altham, Mary Annesley, Lady: 261–262
American Revolution, 287, 341, 351
Amherst, Nicholas: 129
Amicable Quixote, The: 742
Amner, Richard: 241, 431
amphibrach: 676
amplification: 406, 642, 644
analogy: 167, 175, 277, 295, 529, 535, 569, 621, 635, 640, 666
argument from, 373, 625
as metaphor, 635, 638
dangers of, 635, 639–642
strained, 269, 640
See also conceit, the.
anaphora: 278, 395
ancients vs. moderns: 151, 273–274, 292, 320, 489, 596–597, 620–621, 625, 629, 685
Anderson, Benedict: 305
Anderson, James: 63
Anderson, Robert: 196, 203
Andrews, John: 233
Anglia Triumphans: A Pindaric Ode on His Grace the Duke of Marlborough, 515
Anglo-Dutch War, the Second: 289, 306
Anne (queen of England): 45–47, 146, 273, 276, 294, 308, 347, 502–503, 515–516, 526, 739
Annesley inheritance case, the: 261–262
annotation: 241, 333, 444, 462, 491, 601, 613, 649, 652, 687, 689, 695–697, 699, 708, 711
Shandean, 544
Scriblerian, 49, 650, 653
Annual Register, The: 233
Anson, George: 580
Anstey, Christopher: 128, 131, 138n34, 503, 744–745
Anstey’s measure (anapestic trimeter), 138n34
New Bath Guide, 131, 503
anthologies: 103, 110, 112, 114, 118, 189, 247, 347
antimetabole: 412
antistasis: 619
antithesis: 41–42, 73, 208, 211, 330, 381–382, 396
antiquarians: 90, 230, 237, 240, 241–242, 244, 337, 414, 492, 685, 687, 690, 698, 705–706, 715
and ballads, 551–552
and broadsides, 9, 550
artificial antiquarianism, 227, 238, 242–243
Society of Antiquaries, 241, 705
See also Percy, Thomas.
apostrophe: 329, 452, 514n11, 519, 523, 536, 594, 664
Arbuthnot, John: 49, 128, 146–147, 670
archaism. See diction (archaic).
Archimedes: 649
Aristotle: 84, 275, 500, 633–635, 640, 724
against metaphor, 632
on mimesis, 270–271, 650
on mind and body, 500
Arkwright, Richard: 333
Armstrong, John: 374, 468, 720
Arne, Thomas: 35, 37, 525
Arnold, Matthew: xix, 577–578
Art of Dressing the Hair, The: 134
Ascham, Roger: 597
Asiento Pact: 347
assonance: 91, 556–557
Astell, Mary: 255, 260, 290–291
Atkinson, David: 549, 555, 560
Atkinson, Thomas: 447
Atterbury, Francis: 286, 703
Aubin, Robert Arnold: 335n4, 336n8, 354
Aubrey, John: 90, 704, 710
Augustan era, the: 270
Charles II as Augustus, 306, 598
skepticism in, 270, 608
transition to Romantic era, 183
Virgilian modes in, 598
Augustan poetry: 340
and Latinity, 415
vs. the Baroque, 270–271, 281–282
(p. 749) Austen, Jane: 37, 98, 409, 668, 671
Austen, Lady Ann: 400
Ayloffe, John: 497
Backscheider, Paula: 149, 157, 247, 358, 598, 743
Bacon, Sir Francis: 215n17, 320, 640, 642
doubts about figurative language, 632–633, 640–643, 648
on poetry, 640–641
Bailey, John Cann: 672n14
Bailey, Nathan: 231
Baillie, Joanna: 262
Baines, Paul: 148, 229, 232, 236
Baker, Henry: 363–364
Bakhtin, Mikhail: 74–75, 276
ballads: 78, 261, 298, 547–562
Addison on, 558, 588
and melody, 556–557
and women writers, 261–263
as influence on Romantic poets, 262, 561
as oral form, 9n21, 520, 547–556, 554, 556–557
as political poetry, 288, 298
bardic composition of, 547
broadside, 547, 549–551
Colin and Lucy, 238
Collection of Ballads, A, 550
collectors of, 550–553
definition of, 553
diction of, 550, 554–555
garlands of, 4, 90, 549
narrative in, 553–554
origin theories:
bardic, 547–548
collective, 548
individual poets, 547
parody of, 414, 554
pastoral, 449–450
revised, 414, 582
topical-satirical, 288
Scottish revival of, 262
singers of, 7–9, 90, 262
Bancks, John: 169
Banier, Abbé Antoine le: 605
Bank of England: 287–288
Banks, Sir Joseph: 332
Bannantyne, George: 231
Bannerman, Anne: 262
Barbados Gazette poet, the: 253, 258
possibly Martha Fowke, 248n4, 256
Barbauld, Ann Letitia: 67, 88–89, 99, 102, 105, 118, 249, 250–251, 254, 256–258, 261–262, 264, 574, 611–612, 673
and aesthetically stimulated religious feeling, 574–575
Epistle to William Wilberforce, Esq., 105–107, 189, 258, 318–319, 673
on marriage, 365
on affective poetics, 186, 572–573, 575
Thoughts on the Devotional Taste, 566, 574–575
See also Aiken, John.
Barber, Mary: 84, 140, 235, 310, 362, 673
bard, the: 14, 244, 282–283, 316, 476, 522, 659–660, 738
and nationalism, 338, 345, 492–493, 520–521, 733
as source of ballads, 547
as historian, 491–492
as visionary, 455, 511, 522
“come-all-ye” introduction, 6
figure of the poetic, 66, 155, 217, 222
Homer as, 476, 491–492, 688
in Druidic and Celtic Wales, 246, 316, 591, 613
in Gray’s poem, 155, 417, 492, 520–521, 590–591, 663
in satire, 391n11, 544
Ossian as, 316, 454, 551
poet of genius as, 222–223, 454
rustic, 454–455
Barker, Anthony: 64
Barker, Jane: 78, 81–82, 85, 250, 254, 287, 592
Barlow, Francis: 604–605
Barnard, Lady Anne: 262
Barnard, John: 486
Barnes, Barnabe: 380
Barnes, Thomas: 433
(p. 750) Baroque: 19, 259, 269–270, 662, 689
and disruptive wit, 270
as effusive and ornate, 270
music, 19
opera, 418
vs. Augustan mode, 270–271, 281–282
Barrell, John: 337n12, 352, 441n1, 463
Barry, Elizabeth: 29, 34
Barry, Spranger: 504
Barton, Anne: 25
Bate, W. J.: 283
Bates, Catherine: 198
Batheaston Literary Circle: 127–128, 743–744
Bathhurst, Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl: 260
bathos: 74, 137, 280, 411
as mock-sublime, 280
comic effects of, 137
Batrachomyomachia, 608
Battier, Henrietta: 252, 253n33, 261
Beach, Thomas: 63
Beaumont, Francis: 203
Beattie, James: 20–21, 76, 119, 537
and genius, 225, 452
Minstrel; or, The Progress of Genius, The, 223–225, 451–452, 455, 550
and Ossian atmosphere, 452
as balladesque romance, 225
influence of Percy’s Reliques, 452, 550
Behler, Ernst, 671
Beaupuy, Michel: 223
Beauties of the English Stage: 203
Beckford, William: 74
Beer, Gillian: 79
Beethoven, Ludwig von: 19, 418
Behn, Aphra: 78–79, 82, 150, 248, 254–255, 263, 287, 289–290, 363, 582–583, 597, 604–605, 609, 671, 676
and translation, 603–604, 609
Bell, John: 156, 158
Belle Assemblée, La: 250
Bellegard, Abbé Jean-Baptiste Morvan de: 678
belles-lettres: 117, 120
Belsham, William: 431
Benario, Janice M.: 612
Benedict, Barbara: 134, 152, 597, 608–609
Bennet, John: 174–175
Bentley, Elizabeth: 67, 173
Bentley, Richard: 47, 49, 146, 323, 490, 610, 653, 687–689, 696–697
Bergson, Henri: 333
Berkeley, George: 196, 201–202, 320
Bernard, James: 322
Berry, Chuck: 21
Bertram, Charles: 245
Betham, Mary Matilda: 253n33
Bethlem Hospital: A Poem in Blank Verse: 392
Betterton, Thomas: 23, 26, 28, 34, 37–38
biblical verse: 257, 291, 321–322
Bickerstaff, Isaac: 35, 739
Bickham, George, Sr.: 98
Bill of Rights: 287
Birch, Thomas: 551
Birkhead, Henry: 118
Blair, Hugh: 103, 119–120, 231
Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres, 121–122, 621, 624–626
on genius, 218n25, 219n28
on Ossian, 492
Blair, Robert: 392, 671
Blacklock, Thomas: 536
Blackstone, William, 362–363
Blackwall, Anthony: 112
Blackmore, Sir Richard: 112, 275–276, 292, 324, 333, 473–474, 487–488, 498, 517, 697, 738
as volunteer laureate, 738
Creation: A Philosophical Poem, The, 184, 188, 323–324
in the Dunciad, 324, 657, 738
King Arthur, 292, 608
Prince Arthur, 485–486, 608
Blake, William: 50, 188, 212, 221, 330, 465, 493, 565, 576, 671
and free verse, 433–434, 437
illustrates Young’s Night Thoughts, 330
Blamire, Susan: 249, 262
blank verse: 28–30, 86, 131, 171, 257, 272–273, 290, 298, 328, 336, 374, 376, 386–404, 427
and political liberty, 294, 389, 401–402
and printing, 424–426
associated with differing ideologies, 286, 294n35, 402–403, 479
(p. 751) in dramatic writing, 30, 386, 408
identified as Protestant form, 289, 403
magniloquence in, 409
Miltonic, 273, 294, 338, 342, 351, 390, 398, 426, 479
pauses in, 422–423, 426, 428–429
Thomson and, 148, 393–394
blazon: 197–198
and discourse of erotic penetration, 199–200, 202–204
and intromission theory, 198, 201
projecting blame onto seen things, 201–204
Petrarchan, 196
Spenserian, 200–201
Swift’s counter-blazons, 196–197, 204–209
Blenheim, Battle of: 45, 391
Blind Hary: 10
Bloom, Harold: 474n3, 510
Bloomfield, Robert: 288
Blome, Richard: 282
Blount, Martha: 234, 360, 368
Blount, Thomas: 551, 669
Bluestockings, the: 130, 133, 250
Bly, Robert: 625n25
Boccaccio, Giovanni: 553n18, 609
Bogel, Frederic: 495
Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, 1st Viscount: 44, 298, 326, 394, 431, 669
Bond, William: 52
Bonnie Prince Charlie. See Stuart, Prince Charles Edward.
Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas: 270–273, 275, 283, 534, 608, 633, 638, 653, 697, 703, 714
Book of Common Prayer, 570
“Book of Silvia Cole, The”: 100–101
Booker, Luke: 186
Booth, Stephen: 380
Booth, Wayne C.: 668, 671–672, 677, 679–681
Boswell, James: 63, 119, 211, 231–232, 244, 470, 531, 679
Boulton, Matthew: 331
bouts-rimés: 127–128, 135, 743
Boutell, Elizabeth, 25
Bowers, Toni: 489
Bowles, William Lisle: 67, 531, 726–727
Boyce, William: 35, 525
Boyd, Elizabeth: 253n33, 257–258, 261
Boyd, Henry: 741
Boyle, Robert: 323
Boys, John: 600
Boyse, Samuel: 65
Bradbury, Jill Marie: 310
Bradford, Richard: 374
Brady, Nicholas: 419, 570
“Brags of Washington, The”: 6
Brand, John: 543
Braund, Susanna Morton: 278
Braunmuller, A. R.: 23
Brereton, Jane: 63
Breval, John Durant: 145–147
Briggs, Julia: 95
brindisi. See songs: drinking.
broadsides: 3–9, 11, 16, 18, 80, 135, 140, 298, 495, 526, 532–534, 541, 547, 549–551, 558
Brooke, Charlotte: 256, 316
Brooke, Frances: 85
Brooke, Henry: 297
Brontë sisters: 243
Broome, William: 609
Brosette, Claude: 697
Brothers’ Club: 140
Brown, John: 46, 518
Brown, Marshall: 77–78, 81
Brown, Stephen W.: 61
Brown, Thomas, 57
Brown, Tom: 57, 498
Browne, Janet: 333
Browne, Moses: 63–64, 156, 518
Browne, Thomas: 409
Browning, Robert: 72
Brutus, Marcus Junius: 397
Bryant, John Frederick: 163
Brydges, Samuel Egerton: 67
Buchan, Peter: 9, 552
Buchanan, George: 15
Buckhurst, Charles Sackville, Lord. See Dorset, Charles Sackville, Earl of.
Buckingham, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of: 28, 280, 286, 495, 497
Buckingham and Normanby, Duke of. See Mulgrave, John Sheffield, Earl of.
Budgell, Eustace: 235–236
(p. 752) Bunyan, John: 94, 572, 576, 633
Burke, Edmund: 506, 532
on the sublime and the beautiful, 398, 623, 626
Burke, Richard: 119
burlesque: 85, 129–130, 413, 444, 668
Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of: 148, 342–343
Burney, Charles: 33–35, 37
Burney, Frances: 34, 37, 85, 98, 157, 674, 743–744
Burns, Robert: 10, 20, 43, 51–52, 67, 142, 130, 165, 168, 174, 177, 221, 262, 522, 454–455, 506, 561, 671, 738
“Cotter’s Saturday Night,” 454–455
influence on laboring-class poets, 174–175
Scots Musical Museum, 16, 21
Burrell, Lady Sophia: 494
Bute, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of: 300, 398, 492
Butler, Lord John: 280
Butler, Samuel: 147, 270, 280, 290, 704
Hudibras, 270, 483, 497–498, 676, 709, 734
Ireland’s forgeries of, 221
See also hudibrastics.
Butt, George: 680–681
Button’s coffee house, 129
Byrom, John: 131, 138n34
Byron, George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron: 75, 99, 116, 150, 159–160, 328, 413, 450, 493
and rhyme, 398, 408
Don Juan, 72, 160, 223, 280, 677
Bysshe, Edward:
Art of English Poetry, 83, 112, 167–168, 375, 535
as source of quotations, 83, 535–536
Cadell, Thomas: 50–51
Caesar, Augustus: 333, 469, 489, 464, 714
Caesar, Julius: 48, 144–145, 397, 593
caesura: 198, 381–384, 387, 396, 434, 535
Calcott, John: 525
Callendar, James: 538
Cambridge, University of: 50, 118, 146, 148, 299, 331, 520–521, 525, 734, 741–743
Camden, William: 336n6, 343
Campbell, Alexander: 20
Campbell, Archibald: 231–232
Campbell, George: 117, 120–122
Campion, Thomas: 374
Canning, Elizabeth: 237
Canning, George: 454
Cape Club, the: 130
Capell, Edward: 241
edition of Shakespeare, 649, 674, 691, 695
typographic innovations, 675, 677
capitals: 43–44
Carey, Henry: 44–45
Carey, Peter: 229
Carleson, Carl L.: 56
Carmarthen, Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Marquess of: 525
Caroline (queen of Great Britain): 166, 168, 235, 299, 737–738
carpe diem motif: 364–365
Carter, Elizabeth: 63, 130, 181, 261, 264, 321
and Richardson, 84, 261
translation by, 597
Cartwright, Edmund: 727
Carryl, John: 497
Castelvetro, Ludovico: 639
Castlemaine, Barbara Palmer, Countess of: 497
Cato’s Letters: 297
Catullus: 690
Cavalier poets: 280, 365
Cave, Edward: 58, 60–61, 64–65, 70, 156, 321
Cave, Jane: 132–133, 253n33, 362, 366, 362, 366
Cawdrey, Robert: 668
Cellier, Elizabeth: 250
Centlivre, Susanna: 32, 129, 232, 254, 293
cento: 653
Cervantes, Miguel de: 709
Chalmers, Alexander: 156, 690
Chamberlaine, James: 193
Chambers, Ephraim: 321.
chapbooks: 3–5, 9–11, 14, 37, 89
Chapman, George: 375, 477, 491, 606
Charles I (king of England): 227, 341
Charles II (king of England): 27, 34, 270, 288–289, 292, 298, 305, 405, 482, 496–497, 499, 596, 598, 601, 672–673, 734
as satiric target, 296, 497, 506, 672
Chatman, Seymour: 428
Chatterton, Thomas: 165–166, 172, 221, 229, 242, 244, 316
African Eclogues, 243, 447–448
Ireland’s forgeries of, 221
Rowley Poems and controversy, 242–244, 698–699
Chaucer, Geoffrey: 242, 280, 408, 411–412, 609, 659n33, 686–687, 703–704, 708, 712–713, 732
anthologized, 156, 690, 704
as poet laureate, 732, 733n1, 735
editions of, 687, 703
Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of: 151
and Samuel Johnson, 152
as patron for Henry Jones, 166
chiasmus: 330, 376
Chico, Tita: 207
Child, Francis James: 548–549, 552–554, 561
Child’s New Play-Thing, The: 96
children’s poetry: 9, 88–107
against the slave trade, 105–106
and moral instruction, 114, 322
and teaching elocution, 103–105, 384
and teaching reading, 91, 96, 108
anthologies of, 103–106, 108–112, 189
children composing verse, 99–100
devotional verse for, 93–95, 575–576
explanation of, 109–110
in education, 108–109
instruction vs. delight, 89–90, 110, 114
memorizing, 104–105
nursery rhymes, 90-91
performance pieces, 102–103
pleasure in, 110, 114
rhyming alphabets, 92, 99
rhyming grammars, 93
riddles, 99
understanding poetry, 108–109
Chopin, Frédéric: 210
Christmas, William J.: 164, 172
Chudleigh, Lady Mary: 263–264, 287, 291, 321
Churchill, Charles: 237, 280, 299–300, 398, 495, 503–505, 507, 676, 716–717
and the Nonsense Club, 129, 286, 300
defends Wilkes, 287, 300, 398, 505
Rosciad, The, 280, 300, 504, 507, 677
Cibber, Colley: 26, 34, 96, 232
as poet laureate, 488, 517, 745
in the Dunciad, 280, 282, 488, 657, 734, 738
Cibber, Theophilus: 704
Cinthio, Geraldi: 639
Civil Wars, English: 269–270, 280, 286, 298, 304, 335, 338, 340–341
Clare, John: 163, 166, 288, 299, 547
Clarendon, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of: 710
Clark, Esther Lewis: 362
Clarke, Samuel: 656
Cleary, Scott: 611
Cleveland, John: 709
clichés: 222
clubs: 127–143
drinking, 128, 130, 135–136
exclude women, 250
homosociality in, 129
offered writers audience, 130
reformist, 130
Clymer, Lorna: 529
Coats, Karen: 92
Cobb, Samuel: 515
Cochran, James, 59
Cockburn, Catherine. See Trotter, Catherine.
Cockeram, Henry: 668–669
Cock-Lane Ghost, the: 237
coffee-houses: 129–131, 153n19–20, 608
Cohen, Ralph: 514, 620
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor: 52, 73, 221, 241, 243, 285, 388, 414, 434, 506, 550, 576, 727
influence of Percy’s Reliques, 550
Kubla Khan, 284
on prosody, 435–436
Coles, Elisha: 669
Colie, Rosalie: 380
collaboration: 604–605
(p. 754) Collection of Pretty Poems for the Amusement of Children Three Feet High: 89
Collection of the Best English Poetry, 52
College, Stephen: 289, 495
Colley, Linda: 596–597, 743
Collier, Jeremy: 33
Collier, John Payne: 242
Collier, Mary: 165, 169, 176, 257, 288, 398
and Georgic, 252–253, 466
Poems, On Several Occasions, 51, 252n26
The Woman’s Labour, 51, 156, 170, 252–253, 257
Collingwood, R. G.: 713
Collins, John: 241
Collins, William: 61, 118, 221, 283–284, 261, 408, 416, 510, 519–520, 526, 528, 591, 658, 652, 666, 671
madness of, 221
Odes on Several Descriptive and Allegorical Subjects, 519–520, 658–659
Persian Eclogues, 316–317, 448
Colman, George: 128–129, 138n37, 399, 718
Combe, William: 234–235
Comenius, Johann Amos: 93–93
commonplace books: 98–99
compositor, role of: 41
Concannon, Matthew: 147, 737
conceit, the: 377–378, 620, 633, 635–636, 640, 643, 647, 651, 654–655, 660, 666, 709
as false wit, 269–270, 274, 644, 646
found manuscript, 238–239, 244
concordia discors: 340–341, 458, 484
Congleton, J. E.: 441
Congreve, Sir William: 32, 57, 85, 609, 658, 708
and the ode, 512, 514–515, 658
consonance: 91, 418
Connelly, Peter: 610
Coombe, Thomas: 447
Cooper, Edward: 400
Corbett, Richard: 343
consonants, masculine: 32
Constable, Henry: 380
Constable, John: 465, 628
contents, tables of: 41, 167, 671
Cook, James (Captain): 317, 332, 494
Cooke, Thomas: 52, 525
Cooke, William: 130
Cope, General Sir John: 12
copyright:
and proprietary authorship, 152–153
copyright act of 1709, 53, 145, 232
copyright act of 1814, 150
fees, 160
held by publishers and booksellers, 50–52, 152, 155, 513
lawsuits concerning, 52–53
poets’ ownership of, 52, 148, 152–153, 159
Shakespeare’s, 244–245
unauthorized Irish and Scottish reprints, 52
vs. piracy, 52–53, 152, 232, 245
Corelli, Arcangelo: 16
Corman, Cid: 437
Corneille, Pierre: 256, 402, 603
Cotton, Charles: 608
country house motif, the: 156, 252, 337n14
couplets: 373, 374, 398
enjambment in, 379, 397
heroic, 10, 79, 138, 168, 270, 272–273, 276, 279, 322, 351, 381–382, 409–412, 414–415, 420, 424, 479, 741, 743
antithesis in, 275, 341
epigrammatic tendency of, 322, 398, 415
position of caesura in, 382–383
retreat from, 658
syntactical balance of, 424
ubiquity of, 375–377, 408, 479, 677
women and the, 257, 602, 612
in sonnets, 379–380
rhyming, 30–32, 374
standalone (see epigram)
See also caesura
Coward, William: 425
“Cowboy’s Lament, the”: 7
Council of Parnassus, the: 130
Cowley, Abraham: 85, 112, 254, 273, 280, 406, 412, 417, 512, 606. 639–641, 685, 703–704, 709–710
and pindarics, 406–, 514, 518, 525, 608, 658, 713
Civil War, The, 478–479
Davideis, 478–479, 483, 662
Johnson’s criticism of, 269, 620, 644, 709
satirized, 519
Cowley, Hannah: 67, 254
(p. 755) Cowper, William: 168, 193, 321–322, 393, 399–400, 506–507, 588–589, 592, 671, 690, 726–727
and blank verse, 374, 388, 399–402
and slavery, 68, 317–319, 506–507
and the Nonsense Club, 129, 286, 300
“Diverting History of John Gilpin, The,” 89, 414
fragments of, borrowed by Ireland, 222
madness of, 21, 416
Task, The, 105, 193, 317–318, 327, 345, 399–401, 494
parodied, 74n7
sapphics, use of, 416
translates Homer, 610
See also Olney Hymns.
Crabbe, George: 43, 408, 531, 671
Craik, Helen: 240
Crane, Walter: 93
crambos (capping of rhymes): 99, 141
Crashaw, Richard: 281, 645
Crawford, Robert: 128n3
Creech, Thomas: 42, 603
cribs: 83, 111
Cristall, Ann Batten: 253n33
Crochallan Fencibles, the: 130
Croft, George: 741–742
Croft, Herbert: 243
Croker, John William: 160
Cromwell, Henry: 136, 537
Cromwell, Oliver: 299, 304
Crossman, Samuel: 94
Crouch, Nathaniel: 94
Crousaz, Jean-Pierre de: 325
Crowe, William: 353
Crowne, John: 280
Croxall, Samuel: 584, 590
Culloden, battle of: 12–14, 17, 304
Cunningham, James: 450
Curliad, The: 52
Curll, Edmund, 26, 52, 81, 144–146, 148, 155, 159, 236, 611
satirized, 52, 234, 654–658
Curran, Stuart: 494
Dacier, Anne: 489, 490, 610, 654
Dalton, John: 471
Dane, Joseph A.: 671
D’Anvers, Alicia: 248, 258–259
Dartineuf, Charles: 172
Darton, F. J. Harvey: 89
Darwin, Charles: 331
Darwin, Erasmus: 77, 323, 328, 331–333
against slavery, 332
Botanic Garden, 67, 332
Loves of the Plants, 188, 241, 332
personification in, 333
Darwin, Robert: 331
Davenant, Sir William: 34, 232, 686, 703
as poet laureate, 28, 703, 733n1
Gondibert, 271, 479–486, 488–489
David (king of Israel): 652
Davys, Mary: 259
Dawson, William: 196, 203–204
Day, Thomas, and John Bicknell: 106
de Grazia, Margreta: 200
de Quehen, Hugh: 602
decline of English poetry, the: 282–283
decorum: 33, 172, 216n21, 270, 282, 443, 448, 467, 603, 692
Dedekind, Friedrich: 680
dedications: 30, 41, 44, 113, 129n6, 227-228, 232, 451, 485, 601, 604–605, 719
deictics: 188
Delany, Patrick: 132, 150, 141n44
Demetrius: 635–636
Demoniacs, the: 129–130
Denbigh, Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of: 235
Denham, Sir John: 96, 281 340, 345, 355, 412, 632, 703–704, 709–710, 714
and translation, 599–600, 606, 613
Coopers Hill, 281, 288, 335, 338–340, 347, 349, 351, 353–354, 611, 655
influence of, 337, 339, 355, 603
Johnson on, 338, 647, 710
Dennis, John: 276, 281, 292, 294, 374, 487, 518, 608, 565
Advancement and Reformation of Poetry, The, 187, 517–518
and the sublime, 275, 281, 566
Grounds of Criticism in Poetry, The, 187, 517, 580, 687
on affective poetics, 187, 517–518, 567
satirized, 275, 519
(p. 756) Derham, William: 323
Derrida, Jacques: 609
Desaguliers, John Theophilus: 324
Descartes, René: 212
desire: 290, 364, 583–584, 587, 593, 715
and consumer model of sexuality, 360–361
and delusions of seduction, 580
helplessness to resist, 203
loss of, 367
personification of, 589, 591
to possess, 199, 364
men and women share capacity for, 358–359, 361
transgressive same-sex, 256, 362
description: 179, 728
metaphor as, 632
precepts conveyed through, 190
Desolation; or, The Fall of Gin: A Poem, 672
Deutsch, Helen: 204, 359–361, 541
Devil upon Two Sticks in England, The. 507
devotional poetry: 563–578
affective poetics of, 187, 518, 564, 566–572, 574–575
and biblical paraphrase, 257, 518, 564–565
and the sublime, 588
as testimony of personal conversion, 572
David’s divine songs and, 569
emphasis on listening, 566–567
melody of, as praise, 571
relation of letter and spirit, 565
Romantic, hearing God in silence, 577
sound of, creating overflow of feeling, 564–567, 571, 575–576
theopathy and, 574
De Quincey, Thomas: 217
dialect:
Cornish, 447
Cumberland, 446
dialogue in dialect, 447–448
Scottish, as “offensive,” 119
Scottish, literary, 445
Scottish, rustic, 177, 445–446, 448
dialogue: 131, 175, 188, 248, 255, 298, 365, 375, 442, 495, 553, 645
as debate, 192
critical, 76, 686
dramatic, 36, 645, 708, 714
in eclogue, 447, 452–453
in essay, 686
in dialect, 447
matrimonial, 365–366, 724
mock, 365
of the dead, 536
political, 448, 483
Diaper, William: 445
Dicey family: 551
Dicey, William, 61
Dickens, Charles: 326
diction: 84, 177, 188, 222, 274, 278–279, 284, 286, 328, 398, 403, 407, 412, 426, 446, 449, 487, 541, 662, 727
and Burns, 455
and Cicero, 638
and Percy’s Reliques, 550
and the grand style, 635
archaic, 284, 442, 445, 555
artificial, 73, 301, 442
biblical, 568
children and, 109, 445
Dryden civilizer of, 709
heroic, 610
high and low, 278–279, 411
in allusion, 662–663, 665
in ballads, 553–554
in devotional poetry, 567
in georgic, 466–467
in reviews, 727
Johnson on, 621, 709–710
Miltonic, 391, 452, 535
pastoral, 286, 442, 445, 451–452
plain, 442, 444
rustic, 443–445, 449, 451
Scottish, literary, 445
Scottish, rustic, 177, 445–446
Spenserian, 225
Wordsworth on, xix, 285, 302, 403, 550
Diderot, Denis: 295
Digby, Kenelm: 532
digression: 190, 273, 394, 406, 515, 642, 702, 706
Dilworth, W. H.: 536
Dingley, Rebecca: 148
Dionysius of Halicarnassus: 635–636, 639, 642
Dissenting academies, xx, 110–118
Dixon, Henry: 93
Defoe, Daniel: 75, 80–82, 116, 296, 307–308, 319–320, 495, 505
Jure Divino, 483, 500
Shortest Way With the Dissenters, 500, 678
True-Born Englishman, The, 307, 498
“Della Cruscan” poetry: 66, 74, 130, 450, 448, 506
dérimage: 75, 77–78
Diderot, Denis: 84
Dissenting poets: 254
Dobell, Sydney: 577
Dobrée, Bonamy: 294
Dodington, George: 237–238
Dodd, Ralph: 233
Dodd, William: 228, 243, 454
Doddridge, Philip: 116, 571
Dodsley, James: 50, 551
Dodsley, Robert: 49–52, 59, 90, 132, 149, 172–173, 436, 551
Agriculture, 457, 461, 467
as laboring-class poet, 172–173, 175
edits Collection of Poems by Several Hands, 43, 132, 155–156, 513, 521
Museum, The, 56, 61, 149
Preceptor, The, 713
Dolan, John: 165, 175
Dolban, Sir William: 301
Doody, Margaret: 208, 247, 514
double entendre: 69
Douglas, William: 231
douzain: 414
Dorset, Charles Sackville, 6th earl of: 261, 280, 292
Draper, John W.: 532–533
Drayton, Michael: 336n6, 343, 375, 410
Dryden, John: 24–26, 34, 42–43, 57, 85, 116, 192, 196, 203, 215, 231, 263, 279–280, 284, 286, 289–290, 292–293 299, 340, 374, 408–409, 411–413, 417, 424, 478, 487, 495–496, 505, 507, 510, 521, 532–533, 586–587, 603, 618, 632–633, 642, 646–651, 686, 704, 709, 714, 739
Absalom and Achitophel, 289–290, 388, 482–483, 496–498, 501, 507, 530, 534, 530, 534, 671, 673
Alexander’s Feast, 276, 283, 417, 587
and blank verse, 402, 408
and elegy, 532–535, 541
and Horace, 702–703
and translation, 597, 606–607, 610, 613
Annus Mirabilis, 289, 289, 294, 306, 318, 409, 479, 482
as poet laureate, 28, 286, 482, 524, 658, 733–735, 745
as Virgil to Charles II’s Augustus, 598
Astraea Redux: 289, 306, 598
conversion to Catholicism, 292
Discourse concerning Satire, 497, 608
Essay of Dramatick Poesie, 28–29, 407–408, 410, 604, 686
expectation of irony in, 679–680
Ireland’s forgeries of, 221
Mac Flecknoe, 280, 290, 658, 672
Medall, The, 496
Religio Laici, 42–43, 186
Satires, 48, 608
satirized, 279–280
To the Memory of Mr. Oldham, 534
translates Virgil, 48, 463, 472, 474–475, 486, 532, 611
Du Fresnoy, Charles Alphonse: 607
Dublin: 5, 47, 322, 447, 745
artisan workers and poetry, 135
broadsides, 5, 135
“Dublin Thursday Society,” 132, 140
emulated London, 745
magazines, 62, 66
pastorals of nationality, 454
piracy, 53, 231
small-scale publication, 47
Trinity College, 167n18, 322, 447, 741
Dow, Alexander: 317
Drew, Edward: 449
Drummond, Thomas: 721
(p. 758) Duck, Stephen: 46, 51, 163, 165, 169, 171, 174–176, 288, 301, 398, 737, 745
and patron Queen Caroline, 166, 299, 737
and patron Spence, 166, 172
contemptuous toward working women, 252
The Thresher’s Labour, 60, 165, 301–302, 463
Duff, William: 218–219
Duick, John: 63–64
Duffat, Thomas: 27
Duncan, James Bruce: 7
Dunlop, Frances:
as patron for Janet Little, 174
D’Urfey, Thomas: 136, 280, 495
Dyche, Thomas:
Guide to the English Tongue, 91, 96
Dyer, Edward: 392
Dyer, Gary: 505–507
Dyer, John: 113, 129, 305, 313–314, 354, 391
Fleece, 288, 313–315, 353, 457–458, 461–462, 468–469, 651n10
and imperial aspiration, 314
and pastoral, 391, 462
promotes commerce, 288, 313, 391
Grongar Hill, 352, 354, 510–511, 521–523
East India Company: 294, 307, 317, 350
Easy Club, the: 129
Eaton, Daniel Isaac: 507
Eccles, John: 231–232
eclogue: 252, 255, 443–447
African, 243, 448
against the slave-trade, 447
court, 131, 446, 612
dialect in, 447
georgic influence on, 450
imitating Theocritus, 444, 446
imitating Virgil, 446
increasingly place-specific, 446
in dialogue form, 248, 448, 452–453
Irish, 454
Jacobin, 447
Jacobite, 447
moral, 454
oriental, 316, 448–449
pastoral, 441–442
piscatory, 445, 453
Quaker: 447
sacred, 454
Scots, 445, 447
sea, 445
suburban, 453
town, 276, 444, 452–455, 612
Virgilian, 446, 447n17, 448, 453–454, 477, 662
Edgar (king of England): 308
Edgeworth, Maria: 105, 108–109
Edgeworth, Richard Lovell: 103–105, 331
and children’s understanding of poetry, 108–109
Poetry Explained for the Use of Young People, 103, 108
Readings on Poetry, 105
Edinburgh: 9, 12, 516
clubs, 130, 136
Jacobite sympathies in, 516
magazines, 61–62, 66
nationalism. 516
pastoral verse in, 445
pro-Union verse, 308
publishers, 11, 14, 51–52, 59
Edinburgh, University of: 21, 328, 331, 624
Edwards, Thomas: 694–695, 698
Eddington, Arthur: 333
education, poetry in: 111–115
instead of mere grammar, 115
technical mechanics of verse, 111–112
use of exemplary poetry, 112
Eedes, Richard: 343
Egerton, Sarah Fyge: 259, 291, 361, 363
and patriarchal limitations on women, 287, 290–291
The Female Advocate, 290
Poems on Several Occasions, 290–291
response to Robert Gould, 290–291
Einstein, Albert: 333
ekphrasis: 277, 368, 410, 607, 622, 628n30
and imagery, 619, 628–629
elegy: 67, 73, 165, 174, 276, 528–536, 728
as contemplation of vicissitude, 543
broadside, 532–534
(p. 759) defined, 532, 534
Horace on, 535
narrative power of, 531
parodied, 534, 536
satirical, 543–544, 673
softness in, 535–536, 543
vanitas topos in, 530
Eliot, George: 395
Eliot, T. S.: 333, 409, 437–438
Elizabeth I (queen of England): 146, 707, 741
Elizabethan literature: 25–26, 28, 76n11, 134, 238, 240, 294, 322, 380, 408, 410, 693, 704, 707, 735
elocution and poetry: 103, 111–113, 117–118, 121, 384, 425, 429–432, 434, 436, 520
and the pause, 423, 427, 429
Rice on, 426–429
Sheridan on, 422–424, 427–429, 432
Walker on, 429–430
visual (silent) vs. aural interpretation, 423
Elyot, Sir Thomas: 626n27
emblems, 94, 112, 198, 322, 659–660
Emmerson, Eliza: 168
encomium: 91, 238, 275, 277, 678, 512, 514–515, 518
and elegy, 174, 532
See also panegyric.
Enfield, William: 103, 104, 113–114, 117, 122
Engell, James: 220n33
enjambment: 379, 397, 429, 432–434, 436
Ennis, Daniel J: 25
Ennius: 651, 703
“Ephelia.” 253n33, 254, 258–259
epic: 77, 184, 202, 223, 276, 298, 316, 473–494, 728
and women poets, 257, 474
based on moral lesson, 485
battles in, 85
burlesqued, 85
christianizing the, 485–487
decline of, 473–475
encourages obedience, 481, 485–486, 489
hero in, 10, 189, 389, 478–485
homecoming in, 85
Homeric, 474, 476–477, 485, 489–
in dialogue with satire, 483
Fielding’s comic, in prose, 84, 487
sublimity in, 465
Virgilian, 474, 476–481, 485–486, 493
epic simile: 190, 223
Epicurus: 324, 344, 640
Epictetus: 84
epigraphs: 77, 186, 406, 536, 543, 628, 663
epilogues: 23–27, 30–31, 33, 36, 63, 67–68, 298, 686
epistolary fiction and poetry: 78
epitaph: 26, 67, 89, 130, 139–140, 232, 377, 495, 532–534, 736, 745
within elegy, 42, 50, 540–542
epithalamium: 15, 136, 165, 200–201, 538
epithets: 111, 120, 223, 519, 727
ballad, 555
Homeric, 223
Erskine, Andrew: 453
Erskine, Henry: 447
Essex Head Club, 130
Etherege, George: 279–280
Eusden, Laurence:
as poet laureate, 147, 277, 733–737
in the Dunciad, 657, 736, 738n26
Evans, Evan: 316, 444–445
Evelyn, John: 603
example: 188–189
inspires emulation or avoidance, 189
used together with precept, 189
instruction without, difficult, 275
Exclusion Crisis: 497–498, 505, 507
expletives: 407
Ezell, Margaret: 56
Fabian, Bernhard: 218n27
fable:
as narrative story-line, 84, 232, 487, 649, 727
as narrative with moral lesson, 63, 76, 90, 98, 189, 288, 295, 322, 727
burlesqued, 608
(p. 760) Fabricant, Carole: 360, 364
Fahlman, Scott: 674–675
Fairer, David: 235, 351–352, 590n37, 591, 707
Fairfax, Edward: 686–687, 702–703, 710, 714
Falkirk, battle of: 13
fancy:
opposed to truth, 643
Fanshawe, Sir Richard: 599, 606
farce: 23, 36–38, 146, 282, 414, 518
Farmer, Richard: 551, 734
Farquhar, George: 29
Faulkner, George: 53, 140–141
Favret, Mary A.: 77
Fawkes, Francis: 61, 521, 723
“feast poems,” 131
Feingold, Richard: 582
Feltham, Owen: 710
Felton, Henry: 597
Fénelon, François: 84, 494
Fenn, Lady Ellenor: 98, 103
Fenton, Elijah: 100, 609, 710
Fergus, Jan: 60
Fergusson, Robert: 62, 130–131, 450
and urban pastoral, 453
as Scottish laureate, 738
dialect eclogues of, 454
Scots-language poetry by, 62
Ferreira-Buckley, Linda: 626n27
Festa, Lynn: 24
fictional poets, 85
Fidelia (Gentleman’s Magazine), 252, 253n33
Fielding, Henry: 76, 82, 85, 211n3, 235, 297, 487, 501
and opposition to Walpole, 297
Jonathan Wild, 213, 501
Joseph Andrews, 84, 487–488
Tom Jones, 85, 211
Tragedy of Tragedies, The, 37–38, 501
Fielding, Sarah: 86, 114
Filmer, Robert: 484
Financial Revolution (1690s): 287–288
Finch, Anne (Countess of Winchilsea): 141, 254, 264, 286–287, 294, 361, 363–365, 379, 585, 671, 745
Nocturnal Reverie, 379–
satirizes London finance, 296
Spleen: A Pindarick Ode, The, 248, 261, 589–560
Fish, Stanley: 388, 437, 484
Fisher, Ann: 114, 117, 122
Fitzpatrick, Barbara L.: 56
Flatman, Thomas: 280
Flecknoe, Richard: 280–281
Fletcher, John: 238, 280
Flynn, Carol Houlihan: 204n57
Flynn, Richard: 88
flyting poems: 140, 497
Foerster, Donald: 490, 493
folio. See print format.
folk epic: 14
folk music: 20–21, 550
Folkenflik, Robert: 735
folklore and popular literature: 4, 20
Fontenelle, Bernard le Bovier de: 321–322, 324, 604
Foote, Samuel: 99, 717, 744–745
Forde, William: 435
Fordyce, David: 129n4
forgery: 227–229, 234–245
and falsification, 231
and provenance of texts, 234
defined, 230–232, 235, 245
“misrepresentational literature,” 229
See also plagiarism.
Fowke, Martha. See Martha Fowke Sansom.
Fowler, Alastair: 511–512
Fox, Charles: 447–448
Fox, Charles James: 454
Fox, William: 68
Foxon, David: 44–48, 51–52, 511
Foyster, Elizabeth: 364
Franklin, Benjamin: 333
fraud: 230
Frazer, Ray: 619
Frederick, Prince of Wales: 294, 298, 394
free verse: 422–433
Free, William: 401
Freemantle, Bridget:
(p. 761) freemasonry: 324
Freer, Coburn: 23
Freke, Elizabeth: 249, 253n33
French Revolution: 66, 68, 250, 287, 332
Freud, Sigmund: 333
Froissard, Jean: 604
Frost, Robert: 284–285
Fry, Paul H. 510
Furbank, P. N.: 619
Furnival, Frederick J.: 552
Fullard, Joyce: 247
Fussell, Paul: 424
Fyge, Sarah. See Egerton, Sarah Fyge.
Gainsborough, Thomas: 628
Galland, Antoine: 611
Gallophobia: 91, 348, 350, 384, 401, 448
Games, Alison: 305n8
garlands (collections): 4, 90, 549
Garrick, David: 26, 33, 128, 551, 744
Garth, Samuel: 112, 276
Claremont, 338–339
Dispensary, The, 274–275, 488, 498–499
translates Ovid, 611
Gascoigne, George: 75
Gaskill, Howard: 229
Gay, John: 44, 52, 90, 96, 129, 133, 146–147, 172–173, 255, 296–297, 343–344, 528, 609, 670
and the town eclogue, 276
as Scriblerian, 128–129, 502
The Beggar’s Opera, 35, 270, 414, 500–501, 603–604
The Shepherd’s Week, 46, 444, 502
Trivia, or, The Art of Walking the Streets of London, 46, 190, 502, 676
as parody of georgic, 276
as journey poetry, 342–343, 345–346
flâneur narrative of, 345
satirizes London finance, 295
Gay, Joseph. See Breval, John Durant.
Gelbart, Matthew: 20
Gelpi, Albert: 618n8
gender: 249, 253, 287, 359, 361, 363
and aging, 366–368