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date: 20 October 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Paul does not describe himself as a theologian, at least not in the sense we use the word—a person who is an expert in rationally analysing or expounding religious faith. At the beginning of the Christian movement Paul is presented as a missionary, a preacher, and a miracle worker. Interest in Paul’s theology does not arise until his words became the focus of a contest over how to understand fundamental aspects of the new Christian religion. Only in the course of Christian history does Paul become known as the founder of Christian thought. There are several who have claimed (or who have had claimed for them) that they have correctly understood his theology—Augustine, Luther, Barth, for instance. That the conversation about the character and content of Paul’s theology continues to this day is evidence that no one has presented the apostle’s theology convincingly enough to create long-standing consensus.

Keywords: Pauline theology, dualism, orthodoxy, justification, Spirit, apocalyptic eschatology, Judaism, participation in Christ, ‘new perspective’

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