- The Man and the Myth
- Paul the ‘Convert’?
- Paul the Missionary
- Paul the Theologian
- Paul the Apostle
- Archaeology and the Pauline Letters
- Paul among Jews, Greeks, and Romans
- Paul and the Construction of Early Christian Identity
- Paul and Economic Resources
- Paul the Philosopher
- Paul and Religion
- The Pauline Letters in Contemporary Research
- The Deutero-Pauline Letters in Contemporary Research
- Paul the Letter Writer
- Rhetoric and Argumentation in the Letters of Paul
- The Text of the Pauline Corpus
- The Formation of the Pauline Corpus
- Paul and Scripture
- Paul and Jesus
- Justification by Faith
- Participation in Christ
- Grace/Gift in Paul
- Paul and <i>Pistis Christou</i>
- Ethos and Community
- Cosmology and Eschatology
- Social-Scientific Approaches to Paul
- Paul and Ethnicity
- Paul and Politics
- Paul and Postcolonial Studies
- Paul and Feminism
- Paul and Theological Interpretation
- Paul and Reception History
Abstract and Keywords
Paul's understanding of divine 'grace' stands at the centre of recent debates concerning Paul's relationship to Second Temple Judaism and his adaptation of the benefactor ideologies of the Graeco-Roman world. After outlining the diversity of ways in which Jewish texts configure the benevolence of God, two distinctively Pauline features are highlighted: that the gift of God is enacted in the Christ-event, and that this gift is given without regard to the ethnic, moral, or social worth of its recipients. This incongruity matches Paul's own experience and his practice of the Gentile mission; it also shapes his understanding of Israel's history, past and future, while undergirding a social ethic for communities formed in the mutuality of gift-exchange. It is noted how the history of interpretation has tended to extend this Pauline theme, by 'perfecting' the theme of grace in a variety of additional ways.
John M.G. Barclay took his undergraduate and postgraduate degrees from Cambridge (PhD 1986) and taught at Glasgow University from 1984 to 2003. Since then he has been Lightfoot Professor of Divinity in the Department of Theology and Religion at Durham University. His research has focused on Pauline theology, the social history of Pauline Christianity, Diaspora Judaism and Josephus. Recent books include Flavius Josephus, Translation and Commentary. Vol. 10: Against Apion (Leiden: Brill, 2006) and Pauline Churches and Diaspora Jews (WUNT 275; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2011).
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